SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 11, Issue 1, Autumn 2011
Volume 11, Issue 1, Autumn 2011
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11 (Autumn 2011)More Less
In this month's issue of SAPA, we have something slightly different for you. You will notice that we have our usual clinical articles, but we also have an article on pharmacology, which is the science that will explain to us what effect medicines will have on the body, as well as the effect that the body has on medicines.
Basic concepts in pharmacology, drug action and pharmacokinetics : part 1 : Introduction to drug science : what are drugs and how do they work? : basic pharmocologyAuthor G. SchellackSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11, pp 4 –8 (Autumn 2011)More Less
This is the first in a series of articles on the basics of pharmacology, drug action and pharmacokinetics. The topic of drug science is introduced through interactive explanations of pharmacology and its two major subdivisions, as well as brief explanations of what drugs are, how they are named, and how they produce their pharmacological effects.
This series uses permitted excerpts and diagrams from the 2nd edition of Pharmacology in clinical practice: application made easy for nurses and allied health professionals, published by Juta and Company, and is compiled and expanded upon by the author.
Author K. Van RensburgSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11, pp 10 –13 (Autumn 2011)More Less
Pregnancy places various demands on a woman's body and many changes take place during the 40-week gestation period. Women can experience various troublesome physical ailments during this time, and as a pharmacist's assistant, it is important to be able to advise them correctly on the measures that they can take to relieve these ailments, and to be able to recommend products that are not harmful to either the mother or baby during this time.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11, pp 14 –17 (Autumn 2011)More Less
Author R. CoetzerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11, pp 22 –23 (Autumn 2011)More Less
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11 (Autumn 2011)More Less
Author S. DavisSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11, pp 30 –31 (Autumn 2011)More Less
Older persons are at risk of chronic diseases of the mouth such as dental infections, xerostomia (dry mouth), oral candidiasis (thrush), denture stomatitis (inflammation of the oral mucosa) and cheilitis (inflammation affecting the corners of the mouth). We tend to forget that older patients are often not able to comply with basic dental hygiene measures such as brushing and flossing due to disabling chronic conditions such as arthritis and neurological impairment.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 11, pp 33 –34 (Autumn 2011)More Less
Topical antibacterial agents include both antiseptic and antibiotic preparations. They kill, inhibit or reduce the number of microorganisms on the skin. The human skin is colonised by a variety of microorganisms that protect against infection, but also serve as a source of infection when the skin barrier is broken. Some people are at particular risk of contracting skin infections, for example people with diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or other immune disorders, and those undergoing chemotherapy. Skin that is inflamed or damaged by sunburn, scratching or other trauma is more likely to be infected as any break in the skin barrier predisposes a person to infection.
Antibacterial and antiseptic agents are used to prevent or treat infections. Common topical antiseptics include chlorhexidine and povidone iodine, while mupirocin and polymixin B are familiar over-the-counter topical antibiotics.