SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 12, Issue 4, Summer 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4, Summer 2012
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 2 –5 (Summer 2012)More Less
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12 (Summer 2012)More Less
When considering local or international travel, it is practical to assemble a basic travel health kit. This is especially important when travelling with children. The contents of the kit should be determined by the needs of the people who are travelling, the destination to which they are travelling and the duration of travel.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 8 –10 (Summer 2012)More Less
Nearly everyone will suffer a headache at some time in their lives. Therefore, it is not surprising that the pharmacist's assistant will frequently encounter patients who seek treatment for a headache. According to the International Headache Association, headaches can broadly be classified as either primary or secondary. Primary headaches include migraines and tension and cluster headaches. Generally, they are not associated with an obvious structural abnormality, whereas secondary headaches can be attributed to another cause. Examples include headaches that are caused by head and neck trauma or infection. Patients with suspected secondary headaches should be referred to a doctor immediately.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 11 –14 (Summer 2012)More Less
Mouth ulcers, also known as aphthous ulcers, are painful open sores or lesions that form inside the mouth, either singly or in clusters. Mouth ulcers are extremely common. They affect as many as one in five people and are a recurrent problem in some. Mouth ulcers tend to be more common in women and people under the age of 40. The majority of mouth ulcers are minor aphthous ulcers which are self-limiting in nature.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 15 –16 (Summer 2012)More Less
Bad breath, sometimes referred to as "halitosis", is defined as any detectable offensive smell that is carried on the breath. Halitosis can result from poor dental health habits, but may also be a sign of other health problems. Bad breath can also be made worse by the types of foods eaten, and other unhealthy lifestyle habits. Most people have some degree of bad breath after a night's sleep. This is normal, and occurs because the mouth tends to get dry overnight. This usually clears when the flow of saliva increases, soon after starting to eat breakfast.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 19 –20 (Summer 2012)More Less
Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines. It presents as diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting. Gastroenteritis may have many causes, of which viral, bacterial or parasitic infections are most common. Well-known forms of gastroenteritis include traveller's diarrhoea, food poisoning and rotavirus infection.
Author Catherine WhitakerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 22 –23 (Summer 2012)More Less
Indigestion (dyspepsia) is a common problem. It is often self-diagnosed by patients who use the term to include anything from pain in the chest and upper abdomen to lower abdominal symptoms. Therefore, it is important to question the patient to ensure that they have correctly identified their symptoms or whether referral to the doctor is indicated.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 24 –25 (Summer 2012)More Less
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common eye conditions in adults and children. It is often called "pink eye" because of the reddening and inflammation of the conjunctiva or thin membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids and the whites of the eyes.
There are many possible causes of conjunctivitis, including viral, bacterial, allergic or traumatic. This article will focus on allergic conjunctivitis.
Author Bronwyn GreenSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12, pp 26 –28 (Summer 2012)More Less
A wound is defined as an injury that causes a break in the integrity of the skin. The cause of a wound can vary. For the purpose of this article, a minor wound will be defined as a break in the integrity of the skin, in which the superficial layers of skin are affected.
Examples of minor wounds are abrasions, surgical incisions, lacerations and cuts (including surgical incisions), bites, and minor burns.
Author Jacky Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 12 (Summer 2012)More Less
Antihistamines are among the most commonly prescribed medicines. Although the overall effectiveness of the different antihistamines in the treatment of allergic disorders such as allergic rhinitis is quite similar, these medicines are different in terms of their adverse effects, dosing and administration. For example, the older antihistamines, such as chlorpheniramine, diphenhydramine and promethazine, are associated with side-effects such as sedation, dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation and urinary retention.