oa SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Iron supplements : supplements

Volume 13, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1608-9634
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1068



Iron is an essential nutrient that is needed by the body to maintain good health. The body needs iron to make the proteins haemoglobin and myoglobin. Almost two-thirds of iron in the body is found in haemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen to tissues. Smaller amounts of iron are found in myoglobin, a protein that helps supply oxygen to muscle. Iron is also found in proteins that store it for future needs and in enzymes that assist biochemical reactions in the body.Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in children and it can have important consequences to their health and development. The World Health Organization estimates that anaemia affects one quarter of the world's population and is concentrated within pre-school aged children and women.

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