SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 13, Issue 3, Spring 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3, Spring 2013
Planning your future - the way forward for pharmacist's assistants : a word in your ear - letter from the editorAuthor Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 2 –5 (Spring 2013)More Less
It's getting closer. We've been talking about it for ages and now it's about to happen.
The South African Pharmacy Council made a decision some years ago that it is necessary to phase out the training of pharmacist's assistants, and introduce the training of pharmacy technicians.
Where does that leave the current pharmacist's assistant? Let's have a look at what the future holds - at what is going to happen and when.
Author Sonal PatelSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 6 –8 (Spring 2013)More Less
Allergic rhinitis is defined as the inflammation of the inner lining of the nose. It occurs as a result of an inflammatory response to tiny airborne particles, called allergens. The allergic reaction results in the activation of two types of inflammatory cells called mast cells and basophils. These cells produce inflammatory substances, such as histamine and leukotrienes, which cause fluid build-up in the nasal cavity, irritation, sneezing and a runny nose.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 10 –12 (Spring 2013)More Less
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 14 –16 (Spring 2013)More Less
Nasal sprays are administered locally, mostly to improve nasal symptoms, such as congestion, dryness, itching or sneezing. Nasal congestion can affect breathing and can lead to headaches, earache (occasionally), sleep disturbances and daytime fatigue. Nasal sprays that contain saline or decongestants can alleviate these symptoms and improve quality of life, if used appropriately and correctly.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 22 –26 (Spring 2013)More Less
The constellation of a sore throat, rhinorrhoea, nasal congestion, coughing, low-grade fever, headaches and the malaise of the common cold, has been recognised as a disease entity since antiquity. The common cold is the most frequent human illness, and is caused by members of several families of viruses. The most likely offenders are the ±100 serotypes of rhinoviruses.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 27 –30 (Spring 2013)More Less
The majority of people coming to the pharmacy wanting medication for coughs have respiratory tract infections that are usually minor and self-limiting. However, a cough may also be symptom of a more serious underlying condition and in these cases, referral to a medical doctor is important.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 34 –36 (Spring 2013)More Less
Several types of contact lenses are available with more being introduced in order to improve convenience of use and vision whilst decreasing the risk of infection, inflammation and trauma to the eyes. Soft lenses (hydrogel) are used most commonly and even sensitive eyes usually get used to them immediately. They are available as daily disposable lenses or lenses that can be used for up to 30 days before disposal. Some lenses need to be removed each night while others, called "extended wear" can be worn for longer periods. Hard lenses (gas-permeable) are durable, but not as comfortable as soft lenses. They are also brittle and patients should be careful not to break them during handling.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13, pp 37 –38 (Spring 2013)More Less
Factors such as specific health conditions, level of activity, energy requirements, and the ability to access, prepare, ingest and digest food, affect the nutritional status of the older adult. In this article, we will discuss why some elderly individuals may be nutritionally deficient and how the pharmacist's assistant can improve nutritional status in the elderly.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 13 (Spring 2013)More Less
Nausea and vomiting are symptoms that have many possible causes. These include gastrointestinal infections, e.g. gastroenteritis, food-poisoning, reflux of the stomach contents, i.e. gastroesophageal reflux, a migraine headache, motion sickness and medicines. Almost any medicine can cause nausea and vomiting. Overuse of alcohol and abuse of drugs may also cause acute symptoms. Early pregnancy is often associated with morning sickness and must be considered in every woman of childbearing age.