SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 14, Issue 1, Autumn 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1, Autumn 2014
Author Liesl BrownSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 2 –6 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Compilation of a portfolio of evidence is a South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) requirement for a learner to be deemed competent. The learning activities should be of such a nature that the learner's fulfilment of the criteria for being competent are displayed in the contents.
For the purposes of this article, the portfolio of evidence will focus on matters pertaining to pharmacy, with special reference to learner basic pharmacist's assistants and learner post-basic pharmacist's assistants.
This article cannot be seen as the "alpha" and "omega" of guidelines when compiling a portfolio of evidence, but will provide some useful tips when compiling it. Requirements may differ between training providers.
Author Sumari DavisSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14 (Autumn 2014)More Less
In order to understand what a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) is and how it works, it is important to know what a proton pump is and its function. When food is detected inside the gastrointestinal tract, a hormone, called gastrin, is secreted into the bloodstream. The presence of gastrin leads to an increase in the secretion of acid from cells in the wall of the stomach into the gastrointestinal tract to assist with digestion of food. Acid secretion takes place via stimulation of an enzyme that is part of a pump in the lining of the stomach, called the proton pump. PPIs are medicines that reduce the amount of acid in the stomach by blocking the proton pump. The reduction of acid allows ulcers in the gastrointestinal tract to heal and prevents the formation of new ulcers.
Author Bronwyn GreenSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 10 –13 (Autumn 2014)More Less
For the purpose of this article, a minor wound is defined as a break in the integrity of the skin and when the superficial layers of the skin are affected. The cause of a wound can vary. Examples of minor wounds include abrasions, surgical incisions, lacerations or cuts (including surgical incisions), bites and minor burns.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 14 –16 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Coughing is one of the most common complaints with which customers present in the pharmacy. Besides understanding the nature and possible causes of coughing, the pharmacist's assistant must be knowledgeable about the various available cough preparations before making recommendations regarding treatment. It is also important to know when the patient requires referral to a doctor for further medical evaluation.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 17 –18 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Athlete's foot is a common fungal infection of the skin on the feet. Fungal germs (fungi) often occur in small numbers on human skin where they usually do no harm. However, under certain conditions, they can invade the skin, multiply and cause infection. Medically known as tinea pedis, athlete's foot is caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes that are responsible for a superficial infection on the skin and nails.
Author Sonal PatelSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 20 –22 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Rhinitis is defined as inflammation of the inner lining of the nose. Allergic rhinitis occurs as a result of an inflammatory response to tiny airborne particles called allergens. The allergic reaction results in activation of two types of inflammatory cells; mast cells and basophils. These cells produce inflammatory substances, such as histamine and leukotrienes, which cause fluid build-up in the nasal cavity, irritation, sneezing and a runny nose.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 24 –26 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Emergency contraception, also sometimes known as the morning-after pill, is a form of birth control that may be used as an emergency measure for women who have had recent unprotected intercourse. Women who have had a recent possible failure of another method of contraception are also potential candidates for this intervention. The treatment is generally reserved for emergency situations, and is not appropriate as a regular method of birth control. Emergency situations include having a condom break or slip off during sex, missing two or more pills during a monthly cycle, when delaying depot medroxyprogesterone injections, or having unplanned sex (this includes victims of a sexual assault or rape, when no method of birth control was used). Emergency contraception is not a form of abortion. It is used as a back-up method to prevent an unwanted pregnancy, and not to end one.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 27 –28 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Pain is defined as an unpleasant physical sensation which differs in type, intensity, duration and location. Pain is subjective, and its management should extend beyond pain relief. The patient's quality of life and ability to function normally in society should also be taken into consideration. Generally, a mild painkiller or analgesic will relieve pain if the underlying source of the pain is not serious. A wide variety of over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics are available to enable patients to effectively self-manage their pain without having to visit a doctor.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 30 –32 (Autumn 2014)More Less
Mouth ulcers, also called aphthous ulcers, are small, white sores with a red border, and which appear anywhere inside the mouth, either singly or in clusters. Mouth ulcers are extremely common, affecting as many as one in five people at some stage. Usually, women are affected more than men. Mouth ulcers may be a recurrent problem in some people.
Author Fae FarrerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 34 –35 (Autumn 2014)More Less
The glands in the lining of the nose and throat produce mucus daily. This mucus is a thick, wet substance that moistens these areas, cleans the nasal membranes, humidifies the air, and helps to trap and destroy any foreign invaders, like bacteria, before they cause a problem. The cilia that line the nose assist in moving the mucus to the back of the throat, where it is unconsciously swallowed, together with saliva. The mucus is normally swallowed automatically, but the feeling of it accumulating in the throat and dripping down the back of it is referred to as "postnasal drip".