SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 14, Issue 2, Winter 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2, Winter 2014
Making sense of the law : minimum standard relating to the supervision of pharmacy support personnel : professional practiceAuthor Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 2 –5 (Winter 2014)More Less
Author Jacqui SouterSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 8 –10 (Winter 2014)More Less
Winter is a time when many people contract cold or flu viruses. The average incidence of the common cold in the USA is 5-7 episodes per year in preschool children, and 2-3 episodes per year in adulthood. Flu is a more serious infection than a common cold. The usual symptoms of flu include the sudden onset of fever, muscle pain (mainly affecting the back), a sore throat, coughing and headaches. Other possible symptoms are a runny nose, a burning chest and eye pain or sensitivity to light. Symptoms usually resolve within five days, but patients may experience lack of energy for several weeks.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 15 –18 (Winter 2014)More Less
Author Tami Van AswegenSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 19 –20 (Winter 2014)More Less
Nasal congestion is the most common cause of airway obstruction, but what exactly is congestion? It is often thought that congestion is the blockage of the nasal passages due to the presence of too much thick mucus. However, congestion is due to inflammation of the airways. The mucosal lining becomes swollen, causing a reduction in the diameter of the nasal passages. Increased mucus production adds to the congestion, or results in a runny nose.
Author Leilani JohnstonSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 22 –24 (Winter 2014)More Less
Topical anti-inflammatories and analgesics are ideal for treating localised pain and inflammation affecting soft tissues that are accessible through topical delivery such as the ankle, hip, knee, shoulder or elbow. Topical preparations available in South Africa include gels, lotions, creams, sprays, patches and plasters.
Author Yolanda MoroneySource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 26 –28 (Winter 2014)More Less
It is not always easy to tell the difference between an allergy and a cold. Both cause many of the same symptoms, for example, a runny nose and sneezing, but not all of the symptoms are the same. This article discusses the similarities and differences between allergies and the common cold.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 30 –33 (Winter 2014)More Less
Effective contraception is the only way to prevent an unplanned or unwanted pregnancy. Many different contraceptive methods are available. Contraceptive options include barrier methods, such as condoms, pills, vaginal rings, implants, injections, intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs), emergency contraception, sterilisation and natural methods. It may be difficult to decide which birth control method is best because of the wide variety of available options. Issues such as effectiveness, safety and adverse effects need to be weighed against convenience, cost and future pregnancy plans. Deciding on a method of contraception also depends on a range of factors, such as the general health of the woman, her lifestyle and relationships, the risk of contracting a sexually transmissible infection, and how important it is not to become pregnant.
Author Annatjie BouwerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 14, pp 36 –37 (Winter 2014)More Less
The cold days of winter bring more than just a rosy glow to the cheeks. They also result in uncomfortable dryness of the skin of the face, hands and feet. For some individuals, the problem is worse than just a tight, dry feeling. The skin becomes so dry that it flakes, cracks and aggravates eczema (in which the skin becomes inflamed), or leads to chilblains (small, red itchy painful bumps).
This article provides an overview of the causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment of certain skin conditions in winter, including dry skin and lips, chilblains and eczema.