oa SA Pharmacist's Assistant - A review of contraceptives : women's health

Volume 14, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1608-9634
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1068



Effective contraception is the only way to prevent an unplanned or unwanted pregnancy. Many different contraceptive methods are available. Contraceptive options include barrier methods, such as condoms, pills, vaginal rings, implants, injections, intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs), emergency contraception, sterilisation and natural methods. It may be difficult to decide which birth control method is best because of the wide variety of available options. Issues such as effectiveness, safety and adverse effects need to be weighed against convenience, cost and future pregnancy plans. Deciding on a method of contraception also depends on a range of factors, such as the general health of the woman, her lifestyle and relationships, the risk of contracting a sexually transmissible infection, and how important it is not to become pregnant.

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