SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 15, Issue 1, Autumn 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1, Autumn 2015
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 2 –6 (Autumn 2015)More Less
In the last issue of SAPA, we examined the impact of Schedules 0, 1 and 2 on your practice. In this issue, we look at the types of control for supply of Schedules 3 to 8 substances in a pharmacy. Please note that the article refers to pharmacist's assistants throughout, and does not mention Pharmacy Technicians or Pharmacy Technical Assistants. The article applies to both Post-Basic Pharmacist's Assistants and Pharmacy Technicians, as they are currently practising within the same scope of practice. Before examining Schedules 3 to 8, we need to remind ourselves of the factors that the Medicines Control Council (MCC) takes into account when allocating substances and medicines to a Schedule.
Author Lynn LambertSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15 (Autumn 2015)More Less
The problem of noncompliance with medicines is recognised worldwide, affecting almost half of the patients for whom the medication is prescribed. Internationally, noncompliance accounts for almost 6% of hospital admissions, and is an expensive healthcare burden. More than 40% of patients with disease conditions risk their health by misunderstanding, forgetting or ignoring healthcare advice.
Author Jacky Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 8 –10 (Autumn 2015)More Less
Probiotics may be described as live organisms that are microscopic in size, which when administered in adequate amounts, improve an individual's health. Probiotics, such as lactobacilli that is ingested in yoghurt, have been used since the early 20th century to treat a variety of ailments, typically infections of the mucosal surfaces of the body, such as the gastrointestinal tract or the vagina. In fact, probiotics have been used for as long as people have been eating fermented foods. Most probiotics are bacteria, but some yeasts are also used as probiotics, e.g. Saccharomyces boulardii (also called S. cerevisiae or Brewer's yeast).
Ready, steady, winter : what the pharmacist's assistant should know about vaccination, colds and flu : colds and fluAuthor Stephani SchmidtSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 11 –14 (Autumn 2015)More Less
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, occurs in epidemics almost every year, and mainly in the winter season in moderate climates. Even though some flu and cold symptoms are similar, the common cold is a separate and distinct entity. Flu and cold viruses are spread from person to person through direct contact, sneezing and coughing, or indirectly via contact with contaminated surfaces.
Author S. DavisSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 18 –20 (Autumn 2015)More Less
Abdominal pain occurs in almost everyone at some stage or another. Although it is often a symptom that can be easily managed, there are instances when abdominal pain should be considered a medical emergency. It is important to obtain as much information as possible in order to identify and correctly advise or refer patients presenting with abdominal pain.
Author Haley Van WykSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 21 –24 (Autumn 2015)More Less
With gravity's help, a muscular valve called the lower oesophageal sphincter helps to keep stomach acid in the stomach. Normally, it opens to allow food to pass into the stomach, then closes again. If the lower oesophageal sphincter opens too often or does not close tightly enough, stomach acid can reflux or seep into the oesophagus and cause a burning sensation. The passage of stomach contents into the oesophagus (gastro-oesophageal reflux) is a normal process. Most episodes are brief and do not cause symptoms, injury or other complications. However, reflux becomes a disease when it either causes damage to the oesophagus or results in symptoms that reduce the patient's quality of life.
Author Sumari DavisSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 25 –28 (Autumn 2015)More Less
Mouth ulcers are extremely common, occurring in one in five people in the population. Although they usually heal without serious consequences, they can be very painful and can cause discomfort to patients, leading to difficulty in chewing and swallowing, which can result in weight loss. Occasionally, mouth ulcers may be due to more serious diseases, such as cancer, and it is important to identify and refer these patients for appropriate assessment and treatment.
Author H. Van WykSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 29 –30 (Autumn 2015)More Less
Asthma is a common disease, affecting an estimated 300 million individuals worldwide. It is a serious global health problem that has an impact upon all age groups. There is an increasing prevalence of asthma in many developing countries, together with rising treatment costs; constituting an escalating burden for patients and the community. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways in which many cells play a role. The inflammation is associated with hyperreactive airways that lead to episodes of chest tightness, wheezing, breathlessness and coughing, especially at night or in the early morning. These episodes are usually associated with airflow obstruction due to narrowing of the airways, which is often reversible either spontaneously or with treatment.