SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 15, Issue 2, Winter 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2, Winter 2015
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15 (Winter 2015)More Less
It's been a long time since I wrote a column called "A Word in Your Ear". I do hope that some pharmacist's assistants actually remember it! Every issue, I used to write one page with bits and pieces of information that I thought might interest you, or that I thought I should mention.
Author Stephani SchmidtSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 4 –5 (Winter 2015)More Less
Influenza, commonly known as the "flu", is a highly contagious disease. It can cause mild to severe illness, and even death, especially in high-risk individuals. Sporadic human infection and outbreaks caused by certain avian influenza A viruses and swine influenza A viruses have been reported, even though it is unusual for people to contract influenza virus infections directly from animals.
Author Haley Van WykSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 6 –8 (Winter 2015)More Less
Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers are among the most widely used medications in the world that can be bought without a prescription from the doctor. OTC pain relievers include paracetamol, aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The choice of analgesic should be based on the type and duration of pain, and the likely benefits and risks. Most analgesics are effective for nociceptive pain which is pain due to ordinary tissue injury. They are less effective for neuropathic pain due to damage to or dysfunction of the nerves, spinal cord or brain, for which different medicines are often required.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 10 –11 (Winter 2015)More Less
Author Annatjie BouwerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 12 –13 (Winter 2015)More Less
Nasal congestion, a "stuffy" or blocked nose, is a term that refers to the obstruction of air flow in and out of the nose. This occurs when the nasal and adjacent tissues and blood vessels become swollen with excess fluid, causing a "stuffy" feeling. It can also be accompanied by a nasal discharge or "runny" nose. Chronic nasal congestion can cause sleep-disordered breathing and fragmented sleep, reduced sleep time and quality, as well as daytime sleepiness and fatigue. It can be serious in infants, who might find it difficult to nurse or breathe as a result.
Topical antiviral drugs and antibiotics for minor viral and bacterial infections in the pharmacy : skin careAuthor Yolanda MoroneySource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 14 –16 (Winter 2015)More Less
Skin conditions, such as warts and cold sores, are viral skin infections. Conditions such as impetigo and boils are examples of bacterial infections of the skin. Advice can be offered for both in the pharmacy. Viral skin infections will be discussed first in this article, followed by bacterial skin infections.
Author Jacky Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15 (Winter 2015)More Less
Cystitis or "inflammation of the bladder" is a term used to describe a collection of urinary symptoms, including pain on passing urine, frequency of urination and an urgent need to pass small volumes of urine. The need to pass urine during the night, lower abdominal pain and low back pain are also common symptoms.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 18 –20 (Winter 2015)More Less
Author Lynn LambertSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 21 –22 (Winter 2015)More Less
Abdominal pain in babies is a common complaint for which parents seek medical advice at the pharmacy. Almost all babies experience pain in the abdomen at one point or another. Most of the time, it is self-limiting and is not caused by a serious medical problem. Although many different conditions cause abdominal pain in babies, it is important to identify the need for referral to the doctor for further investigation.
Author A. BouwerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 24 –26 (Winter 2015)More Less
Various women's health issues can be dealt with at pharmacy level. Some of the conditions with which female patients often present include dysmenorrhoea (painful periods), premenstrual syndrome (PMS), mild cystitis (bladder infection) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This article will focus on the causes and symptoms of these conditions, as well as over-the-counter (OTC) treatment options.