SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Volume 15, Issue 4, Summer 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4, Summer 2015
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 2 –5 (Summer 2015)More Less
The journey from pharmacist's assistant to pharmacy technician has been a long, difficult one, with many false starts, delays and obstacles. There is however progress, which we will examine in this article, together with the implications for current pharmacist's assistants.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 6 –7 (Summer 2015)More Less
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 8 –10 (Summer 2015)More Less
"Rhinorrhoea", the term used to describe a runny nose, can manifest as a watery nasal discharge, either at the front or back (postnasal drip) of the nose. Postnasal drip can lead to coughing and a sore throat. A runny nose which occurs more often in summer is likely to be due to grass and weed allergies. "Rhinitis" refers to inflammation of the nasal tissue, which can cause rhinorrhoea (a runny nose). Although the symptoms of allergic rhinitis are worse in summer, they can continue for approximately 10 months of the year owing to the prevalence of an extended grass pollen season in South Africa. Some patients even experience symptoms throughout the year. Symptoms wax and wane with the seasons and exposure to allergens.
Author A. BouwerSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 11 –14 (Summer 2015)More Less
Various men's health issues can be dealt with at pharmacy level, and most people can manage the discomfort of certain conditions with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter (OTC) medication. Some of the conditions with which male patients often present include heartburn, athlete's foot and hair loss. This article will focus on the causes and symptoms of these conditions, as well as OTC treatment options.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 15 –16 (Summer 2015)More Less
With gravity's help, a muscular valve called the lower oesophageal sphincter, helps to keep stomach acid in the stomach. Normally it opens to allow food to pass into the stomach, then it closes again. If the lower oesophageal sphincter opens too often or does not close tight enough, stomach acid can reflux, or seep, into the oesophagus and cause a burning sensation. The passage of stomach contents into the oesophagus (gastroesophageal reflux) is a normal process. Most episodes are brief and do not cause symptoms, injury, or other complications. However, reflux becomes a disease when it either causes damage to the oesophagus or causes symptoms that reduce the quality of life for the patient.
Author Y. MoroneySource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15 (Summer 2015)More Less
Travellers should assemble and carry a traveller's medicine bag, regardless of whether they are travelling locally or abroad. The contents thereof should be tailored to the traveller's needs, type and duration of travel, and destination.
The traveller's medicine bag can help to ensure that travellers have the necessary supplies to manage pre-existing medical conditions, prevent illness and injury relating to travelling, and take care of minor health problems, if they occur.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 20 –21 (Summer 2015)More Less
First-generation antihistamines can cause side-effects, such as drying the mucous membranes and drowsiness, which makes them unsuitable for use during the day. However, these same effects may render them useful in certain situations. This article will discuss the first-generation antihistamines and their place in therapy.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 22 –23 (Summer 2015)More Less
Glands in the nose produce mucus, which moistens and cleans the nasal membranes, humidifies the air, traps and clears inhaled foreign matter and fights infection. Changes in the mucus production, i.e. increased mucus or a change in consistency, occur in the presence of an allergen or infection, with the resulting symptoms of congestion and a runny nose. A nasal preparation is used to treat a blocked, runny and itchy nose, and to alleviate the symptoms of sniffing and sneezing. This article considers available nasal preparations in South Africa.
Author L. LambertSource: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 26 –27 (Summer 2015)More Less
Water makes up approximately 60% of a healthy human body. It aids digestion, flushes out waste and toxins, lubricates the joints and eyes, and keeps the skin healthy. The normal functioning of the body allows for the loss of water from daily urine and bowel movements. When the normal water content in the body is reduced, it upsets the balance of minerals (salt and sugar), and this affects the normal functioning of the body. Dehydration is usually caused by not drinking enough fluid to replace what has been lost. In certain circumstances, such as excessive sweating from heavy exercise, a high fever, when taking medication or during gastroenteritis, the body may lose more water than usual, which can lead to dehydration. This article focuses on how to prevent dehydration caused by gastroenteritis.
Source: SA Pharmacist's Assistant 15, pp 28 –29 (Summer 2015)More Less
Dandruff is a common, non-contagious condition, marked by itching and flaking of the skin on the scalp. It is considered to be a mild form of seborrhoeic dermatitis, an inflammatory condition which usually occurs in areas of the body that have many oil-producing glands, such as the scalp. It is also common during infancy and causes a condition known as cradle cap.