oa SA Pharmacist's Assistant - Heartburn and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease : gastrointestinal tract

Volume 16, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1608-9634
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1068



Heartburn occurs when acid from the stomach refluxes back up the oesophagus. It is described as a burning sensation, felt in the centre of the chest behind the breastbone, moving up toward the throat and neck. It is the most common symptom of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), together with the regurgitation of stomach acid. GORD is defined on the basis of troublesome symptoms and/or physical damage resulting from gastro-oesophageal reflux, also called acid reflux.

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