oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - The effect of lifestyle choices on the family : clinical

Volume 73, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



In contemporary society there are many alternative structures to that which traditionally has been considered to be a family, i.e. a group of people functioning as a single household. <br>In systems theory, a family is considered to be a structure of inter-related parts in which the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. <br>Any action taken by one member will affect other members and the structure as a whole. <br>Children frequently present with behavioural problems or anxiety secondary to family stress. <br>Individual risk and resilience factors relate to temperament, pre-morbid psychiatric history and psychosocial functioning. <br>The MacMaster model of family functioning defines 6 important areas influencing adjustment: &lt;ul&gt; &lt;li&gt; problem-solving ability&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt; communication&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt; roles&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt; affective responsiveness&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt; affective involvement&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt; behaviour control&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/ul&gt;

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