oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Acute and chronic viral hepatitis : clinical

Volume 74, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



There are five clinically important hepatotropic viruses, hepatitis A - E.

Hepatitis A and E are spread by the faecal-oral route.
Hepatitis B, C and D are bloodborne.
Their clinical manifestations are protean.
Fatigue is a common symptom of chronic viral hepatitis.
Specific diagnosis depends on serological and molecular testing.
Chronic viral hepatitis is a serious illness which can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Effective antiviral therapy exists for chronic hepatitis B and C.
Effective vaccines are available for hepatitis A and B.

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