SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 75, Issue 10, 2008
Volume 75, Issue 10, 2008
Author Clive StantonSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75 (2008)More Less
The Strategic Working Group is proposing that one of the goals in the strategic plan that is being developed should seek to leverage the strength in our diversity, which already exists within the PSSA. I feel that this monthly communication from the President, together with those in this journal from the sector Presidents, could benefit hugely if members from all our diverse backgrounds and experiences contributed by sharing their comments and views.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 10 –16 (2008)More Less
In 2007, approximately 1.7 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa were newly infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and according to data published by the Department of Health, the national HIV prevalence is 28%. Although this indicates a decrease in prevalence of 2.2% compared to 2005, HIV is still a significant problem in South Africa. Health care workers, including pharmacists who deal with patients who are infectious, are often exposed to situations that may lead to the transmission of HIV. The general population may also find themselves drawn into this predicament due to violence and ineffective preventative health care strategies, thus it is imperative that pharmacists have an understanding of the modes of transmission, risk factors and the appropriate use of prophylactic agents once an individual has been exposed.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 18 –20 (2008)More Less
Various models and suggestions have been proposed over the years as to how the private sector can become involved in pharmaceutical service delivery in the public sector, with particular focus on improving service delivery and compliance with Good Pharmacy Practice (GPP). Most of these have not seen any fruition due to a number of reasons, amongst others, affordability to government and accessibility of services offered to public sector patients, particularly those from informal settlements.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75 (2008)More Less
When private healthcare and hospital group Netcare recently paid homage to its employees who have gone over and above the call of duty during a glittering awards ceremony, there was a startling number of pharmacists amongst the nominees. What is more, the overall winner of the ''Caregiver of the Year'' award turned out to be a pharmacist.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 23 –61 (2008)More Less
In 1966, a prospective study showed a significant association between maternal mumps infection in the first trimester and an increased risk of abortion. However, other investigators could not confirm this association. Measles and rubella but not mumps virus infections are linked to an increase in premature birth. Infection in late pregnancy can result in the baby being born with mumps.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 24 –40 (2008)More Less
We have reviewed the various insulins available in the South African market, together with the modes of action of each of the formulations. The insulin groups discussed include the Basal insulins, the bolus or prandial insulins, and the premixed insulins. Furthermore, an approach to the designing of an insulin regimen is discussed, and comments made on how to further intensify therapy depending on the response experienced. Oral hypoglycaemic agent failure is defined by an HbA1C measurement that exceeds 7%, which is a definitive call for further therapy with insulin in type 2 diabetes.
29th Annual Conference of the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences : Pharmaceutical Sciences : a multidisciplinary approach towards a common goal : cum laudeAuthor Gill EnslinSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 32 –34 (2008)More Less
Author Henry M.J. LengSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75 (2008)More Less
Amazingly we have come to the close of another year. For academics, this is an especially trying, yet important time in our calendar. Yes, you've guessed it - it's exam time. We'll be buried amongst piles of examination scripts, which must be marked within a short space of time so that students can know whether they've been successful or if they need to sit for a re-evaluation examination.
Author Jacqueline Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 36 –40 (2008)More Less
Constipation is a common gastrointestinal motility disorder that may be due to a variety of causes. For many, the condition is chronic and negatively affects health-related quality of life. Chronic constipation-associated symptoms significantly interfere with the affected individual's daily life by influencing mood, mobility, normal work, recreation and enjoyment of life.
Indigenous South African medicinal plants part 11 : Aspalathus linearis ('Rooibos') : medicinal plantsSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 41 –42 (2008)More Less
Rooibos is famous for being naturally caffeine-free and its low tannin content minimises the risk of reduced iron absorption, a phenomena frequently found in tea drinkers due to iron-tannin complexation. Rooibos is rich in flavonoids, polyphenols, phenolic acids, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. The major flavonoids found in Rooibos tea are aspalathin, iso-orientin, orientin and rutin. Aspalathin is a naturally occurring C-glycosyldihydrochalcone and found exclusively in Aspalathus linearis. It is the major monomeric flavonoid present in Rooibos and constitutes at least 20% of the soluble material of the dried green leaves. Rooibos tea also contains various amounts of minerals and nutrients making it a health beverage ideal to use as fluid replacement for infants and athletes.
Author D.S. RehbockSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 44 –49 (2008)More Less
There are many skin and nail conditions that affect feet. Some are more serious than others and these skin and nail conditions are treated by the podiatrist and other medical professionals. Some of the more common skin conditions are discussed here in part one of a series of foot and podiatry related topics. Nail conditions will be discussed in the next issue. A short description and treatment protocol is given of each condition. Most of these conditions are best treated by the professionals as self treatment is not always successful and can be dangerous in some cases.
Advances in Quality, Manufacturing and eCTD submissions : SAAPI conference committee have done it again! : industry in-siteAuthor Robyn DanielSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75 (2008)More Less
The conference organising committee of SAAPI have again excelled and organised an enormously successful two day conference. The conference, dealing with Advances in Quality, Manufacturing and eCTD submissions, was held at the CSIR international conference centre in Pretoria on 28 and 29 July 2008 and was attended by 280 delegates - a true measure of success.
Author Billy FutterSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 75, pp 52 –53 (2008)More Less
Are you satisfied that you are doing an excellent job? No need to improve? If you are in this enviable situation, have you considered that perhaps others are learning from you? That they will imitate what you do and perhaps do it better than you? The consequences? The possible loss of your two most valuable assets - your customers and / or your staff.
There is another possibility. Change is taking place so fast that you might end up doing the wrong thing well. Being an expert wagon builder was of little consequence with the advent of cars; an outstanding typewriter mechanic became redundant when computers arrived. (What will happen to very efficient dispensing pharmacists when robotic dispensing machines arrive?).