oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Evidence Based Pharmacy Practice : urinary tract infections : clinical

Volume 75, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



The urinary tract comprises the kidneys, bladder and their collecting ducts (ureters and urethra) and an infection involving any of these structures constitutes a urinary tract infection (UTI). Whether acquired in the community or hospital setting, UTIs feature among the leading causes of patient morbidity. Each year, in the United States alone, UTIs account for over 8 million patient visits to physician practices and emergency departments and 100 000 hospital visits. Poor management of UTIs may have far-reaching consequences on the individual and public health at large because it can lead to severe complications such as septicaemia and increased antimicrobial resistance. Consequently, the value of establishing clear clinical management guidelines for UTI on the basis of sound research evidence cannot be overestimated.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error