oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - National Guidelines at a glance : Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus : review
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic conditions characterised by raised blood glucose levels, caused by inadequate insulin secretion, reduced insulin action, or both. Type 1 diabetes was formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes, and Type 2 diabetes (the focus of this article) as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 85-95% of all diabetes cases.
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