oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Evidence-based Pharmacy Practice (EBPP) : stroke reduction
Stroke is the second most common cause of death world-wide, with two-thirds of these deaths occurring in developing regions of the world, such as sub-Saharan Africa. The burden of stroke does not only lie in the high mortality but the high morbidity also leaves up to 50% of survivors chronically disabled. The incidence of stroke in developing countries is expected to rise in the future as the populations undergo what has been referred to as the ''health transition''. At present, the major health burdens in sub-Saharan Africa are infectious diseases, including HIV / AIDS, and diseases related to poverty and malnutrition. However, urbanisation is predicted to increase the risk factors for vascular disease and hence lead to a sharp increase in stroke, such as is found in developing countries.The prevention and reduction in the risk factors of stroke in South Africa is therefore of the utmost importance.
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