oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Evidence-based Pharmacy Practice (EBPP) : gastroenteritis in children : evidence-based pharmacy practice
Diarrhoea is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. It causes the death of about two million children under the age of five years each year. Acute gastroenteritis results from infection of the gastrointestinal tract most commonly with a virus, the most common being rotavirus. Campylobacter and Salmonella are the most common bacterial pathogens; Cryptosporidium and Giardia are the most common parasites that can cause diarrhoea. Chronic diarrhoea suggests a non-infective cause such as inflammatory bowel disease or coeliac disease.
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