oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Contraception and antiretrovirals : review



Increasing access to and use of effective contraception is essential to preventing unintended pregnancy, especially among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive women. The prevention of unintended pregnancies is not only a global public health priority, but also a critical and cost-effective approach to primary prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

HIV-infected women have the same reproductive rights as HIV-uninfected women, but based on their HIV status, may require additional care and counselling. This review highlights the different contraceptive options that are available to HIV-positive women in South Africa, provides local and international recommendations, and outlines the reproductive rights of women affected by HIV.


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