SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 78, Issue 6, 2011
Volume 78, Issue 6, 2011
The Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa Conference, Masibambane, 2011 : masibambane : message from the PresidentAuthor Sybil SeokaSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
The combined conference, hosted by the Commonwealth Pharmacists Association (CPA), the South African Pharmacy Council (SAPC) and the Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa (PSSA), and our Annual General Meeting (AGM) have now gone by. We were all looking forward to these events, especially to the former, with much anticipation. I hope I am not wrong in assuming that, by now, you have heard all about it. If not, please ask your representatives, who attended as councillors, to report to you what happened.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 7 –9 (2011)More Less
The Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa / Alpha Pharm Distance Learning Programme 2011
The PSSA / Alpha Pharm Clinical Education Programme 2011 for pharmacy staff
Pharmacy Week competition
The Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa National Executive Committee 2011
Cape Midlands branch honours its members
Author Ilse TruterSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 10 –14 (2011)More Less
Thyroid disorders can range from a slightly enlarged thyroid gland, that needs no treatment, to life-threatening thyroid cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve the abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid function disorders can generally be grouped into two classes, namely hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. The proper treatment of hyper- and hypothyroidism depends on recognition of the signs and symptoms of the disease and determination of the aetiology. In hyperthyroidism, treatment consists of thiouracils or thioamides, iodine therapy, thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine and / or beta blockers. For hypothyroidism, treatment consists of substituting the deficient hormone, mostly with levothyroxine. The pharmacist's role in both hyper- and hypothyroidism is supportive, assisting the patient to reach a euthyroid state.
Author Annatjie BouwerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 17 –22 (2011)More Less
In the pharmacy, colds and flu are commonly treated illnesses, and medicines that contain decongestants, antihistamines, analgesics, cough suppressants and expectorants are used alone, or in combination, to relieve typical symptoms. Combination cold and flu medicines can have certain adverse effects on the autonomic nervous system (ANS). This article provides an overview of the functioning of the ANS, the pharmacological effects of the common ingredients in cold and flu medicines on the ANS, as well as the contraindications to consider when offering these medicines.
Author Sumari DavisSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 24 –27 (2011)More Less
Macrolide antimicrobials have a spectrum of activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens and have often been used as an alternative to treat patients allergic to penicillin. In addition to their widespread use as antimicrobials, they also possess nonmicrobial properties that may contribute positively towards patient health. This is seen especially with their immunomodulatory effects, where the addition of a macrolide to the treatment regimen for severe community-acquired pneumonia may significantly decrease the risk of death. This article will review the properties of macrolides, with reference to the latest medical developments.
Author Jacky Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 28 –30 (2011)More Less
Several international menopause societies regularly publish updated practical recommendations for hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in the peri- and postmenopause. The goal of these position statements is to clarify the benefit-risk ratio of HRT based on the findings from the most recent medical literature.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 32 –37 (2011)More Less
The discovery of insulin revolutionised the management of diabetes mellitus. Since its discovery in 1921, many improvements have been made to insulin preparations, and insulin delivery systems have undergone considerable progress. Because of the inconvenience of insulin injections, various approaches have been attempted to formulate insulin for administration by noninvasive routes. Several new and alternative routes such as oral, pulmonary, transdermal, nasal, buccal, ocular, rectal, and vaginal / intrauterine have been investigated for their significant potential in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This article reviews the different routes available for insulin administration and the many successful developments that have taken place in recent years for convenient and effective insulin delivery.
Author Bennus De WetSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 38 –40 (2011)More Less
South Africa has a rich supply of plants. In fact, there are well over 20 000 different plant species found in the country. This vast storehouse of indigenous, tribal, folklore and traditional systems of medicine still needs to be explored adequately. Nonetheless, herbal medicines are widely used by almost all sections of our population.
Author Bada PharasiSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 43 –44 (2011)More Less
The Pharmacy Council was recently privileged to welcome Dr Gwen Ramokgopa, Deputy Minister of Health, to its July Council meeting. The Deputy Minister spoke of the challenges facing the Ministry of health, making it clear that it would be beneficial to all concerned for a collegial interaction between the Ministry and the statutory councils. She pointed out that it is important that such interaction should focus on protecting public health interests, good governance and accountability through regulatory and policy instruments. In particular, the Ministry's commitment is to consolidate such partnerships with the Ministry and ensure that its oversight approach is done in a manner that promotes high quality, ethical and professional standards in health.
Author Thanushya PillayeSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
How fortunate we are to enjoy the life we have. If you are reading this, you are probably more fortunate than most. I find myself writing this column at the time that the world joins South Africa in wishing Nelson Mandela a happy 93rd birthday. However you look at it, whatever your political affiliation and your opinions may be South Africa is a better place for all previously disadvantaged population groups. And for this, we are grateful to Nelson Mandela and the like.
Author Sarel MalanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
In May I wrote a small piece on the need for more practising pharmacists in South Africa. This also served as an introduction to a session hosted by the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the 2011 Pharmacy Conference held in Durban from 29 May to 1 June. This session was held in the form of a debate and panel discussion on whether we need bigger pharmacy schools or more pharmacy schools. Sabiha Essack and Rod Walker provided the arguments for bigger pharmacy schools while Nadine Butler and Shirley-Anne Boschmans made a case for more pharmacy schools.
Author Wim GrobbelaarSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 48 –49 (2011)More Less
As newly elected President of the Community Pharmacist Sector (CPS), I want to thank you for this great opportunity to serve the profession at a stage when there is a lot of uncertainty regarding the National Health Insurance (NHI) plan of the government and our partnership in uplifting the people in need. I am honoured by your trust and I assure you that the Free State will not let you down. May this term of office be to the benefit of the CPS of the Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
Pharma Dynamics has offered medical professionals many leading cardiovascular medicines through the years and has also successfully ventured into the treatment of central nervous system diseases. We are now excited to announce the launch of the first product in our female healthcare portfolio, Osteonate® 70 mg.