oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Current approach to diagnosis and management of osteoarthritis : review



Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic degenerative joint disorder, and a major cause of pain and disability, especially in the elderly. The prevalence is steadily rising because of an increase in life expectancy and certain lifestyle factors. OA is a complex dynamic process, involving all tissues of the joint organ. Multiple risk factors are associated with the occurrence and progression of OA. There is extreme variability in presentation at different joint sites and between individuals. Management of OA involves a comprehensive approach, consisting of preventative measures and numerous therapeutic modalities which should be tailored to individual needs.


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