SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 78, Issue 9, 2011
Volume 78, Issue 9, 2011
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
Wow! It feels as though I've managed to offend everyone in one fell swoop! I do apologise. It certainly wasn?t my intention!
Last month's SAPJ sparked a fair amount of telephonic and written communication among pharmacists. Two of these are particularly noteworthy because the reader was really unhappy with what was published. In both cases, I discussed the matter with them telephonically, but I think it's important to apologise publicly as well.
Author Ilse TruterSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 12 –17 (2011)More Less
Falls in the elderly are common and often the first sign of frailty and other medical conditions. Fall-induced injuries are said to be the fifth leading cause of death in elderly people, and one of the most common causes of long-standing pain and disability in this population. Potential causes of falls are varied and include a history of previous falls, the use of psychoactive medicine, cognitive or functional impairment, environmental hazards, balance and gait problems, loss of muscle strength, and impaired vision. The success of interventions is optimised by early identification of those at risk, before a serious fall occurs. Treatment is directed at the underlying cause of the fall. The role of the pharmacist in fall prevention is health education, to identify those patients at risk of falling and to assist them to minimise their risk and to develop a fall care plan.
Author Reshma ChunderSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 18 –21 (2011)More Less
Sexual dysfunction is a highly prevalent, age-related disorder which has a significant impact on the quality of life and social wellbeing of both the patient and the partner. It is a progressive disease associated with many vascular and cardiac risk factors. The subject of sexual dysfunction is more widely discussed in the media as a result of newer therapies that have become available in the past decade. Therefore, men and women of all ages are seeking assistance to improve their sexual relationships. Male sexual dysfunction refers to a problem with one or more of the four components of male sexual function, i.e. libido, erection, ejaculation or orgasm, that interferes with the ability or interest to engage in sexual intercourse. Psychological and physical factors as well as drugs may affect male sexual dysfunction. Female sexual dysfunction has both psychogenic and organic causes, related to desire, arousal, orgasm and sexual pain disorders. This article focuses mainly on erectile dysfunction (ED) in males. However, it is important to remember that the sexual partner plays an integral role in the successful and effective management of the ED patient.
Author Haley SmithSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 28 –31 (2011)More Less
Calcium is a mineral required by the body for healthy bones, teeth, and proper function of the heart, muscles and nerves. The best way to get the right daily amount of calcium is to eat a diet rich in calcium-containing foods. However, for people who cannot consume enough calcium from food or beverages and are unable to make changes in their eating habits, calcium supplementation may be necessary to obtain adequate calcium intakes.
A critical review of the validation process for insulated containers containing temperature-sensitive pharmaceuticals, and the need for standardisation : original researchAuthor Sarantis KosmasSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 33 –38 (2011)More Less
All pharmaceutical products are required to be stored and transported between specific temperature ranges. In certain cases, these products need to be stored and transported between 2-8°C. This requirement is set out by the manufacturer at the time of developing the product. This is to ensure that it does not degrade to a level below acceptable quality standards, and that it maintains stability over its usable life, as defined by the manufacturer and approved by the regulatory authorities. In order to confirm that the product is not exposed to temperatures outside of the required range, systems and equipment, with specific reference to insulated containers used to store and transport pharmaceuticals, must be validated. One of the main obstacles to robust and reliable validation is variability. The aim of this paper is not to define a standard, but rather to expand knowledge and increase awareness in the industry with regard to available validation techniques. This would be the first step towards a standard methodology, developed by the industry and key stakeholders, that may serve as a benchmark as to how validation should be conducted. The intent of this paper is to raise awareness in this regard, and suggest which aspects could perhaps be standardised, as well as outline a potential departure point for these standards.
A report from Japan : disaster relief efforts of pharmacists in response to the Great East Japan Earthquake : forumAuthor Yasuo TakedaSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 42 –46 (2011)More Less
A massive earthquake, with a magnitude of 9.0, occurred off the Sanriku coast of the Tohoku region, Japan at 14:46 (JST) on 11 March, 2011. According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, the earthquake registered a 7 on the Japanese seismic intensity scale in Kurihara city, Miyagi Prefecture, and 6-plus across wide areas of the Tohoku and Kanto regions, including Miyagi, Fukushima, Ibaraki, and Tochigi Prefectures.
Determination of the effect of the release of methotrexate from an in situ forming implant on colon carcinoma cells and in vivo studies in the rat model : cum laudeSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 48 –50 (2011)More Less
Reuse of medicine : it's not about the money! : from my Little Black Book of pharmacy practice : practice mattersAuthor Gary BlackSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 51 –53 (2011)More Less
Pharmacists, particularly those in community pharmacy practice, are often confronted by someone wanting to return medicine for credit. While some requests are reasonable, often it is a case of greedy relatives trying to cash in at the expense of the pharmacy. It is not uncommon for a community pharmacist to be asked to take in medicine for credit supplied to its client by a courier pharmacy!
Author Miranda ViljoenSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
Earlier this year, the South African Association of Pharmacists in Industry (SAAPI) facilitated a workshop on an increasingly important topic, pharmacovigilance. The workshop was attended by 120 delegates, and was supported and sponsored by the trade organisations, Pharmaceutical Industry Association of South Africa (PIASA), and Innovative Medicines South Africa (IMSA).
Author Billy FutterSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78 (2011)More Less
Every retail outlet has good reason to promote its products and their benefits. No commercial advantage would be gained from highlighting the dangers. So, irrespective of whether chemicals are derived from a laboratory, tobacconist, pub, paint shop, hardware store, fast food outlet, natural products outlet, or a pharmacy, how does the public become aware that such chemicals are potentially dangerous?
Regulators attempt to limit these dangers, and may even require warning labels on products. However, the critical difference between a pharmacy and the others is that pharmaceutical products must be sold by someone who is an expert on chemical effects, and who is also a professional carrying legal, ethical and social responsibility for their safe and effective use.
Author James KerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 78, pp 213 –215 (2011)More Less
Heart failure is a clinical syndrome that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the performance of the ventricle: either to eject blood (systolic dysfunction or reduced ejection function), or to fill with blood (preserved ejection fraction, or diastolic heart failure).