oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Heart failure : review

Volume 78, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



Heart failure is a clinical syndrome that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the performance of the ventricle: either to eject blood (systolic dysfunction or reduced ejection function), or to fill with blood (preserved ejection fraction, or diastolic heart failure).

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