oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Rational use of antibiotics in respiratory tract infections : review



Viruses account for most respiratory tract infections. However, antibiotics continue to be prescribed and utilised inappropriately. Indiscriminate prescribing and patient noncompliance contribute to the rising prevalence of antibiotic resistance. Only 15 (out of 167) new antibiotic agents are being developed that have a new mechanism of action. It is imperative that healthcare professionals adhere to the rational use of antibiotics, and advise their patients accordingly.


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