SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 79, Issue 6, 2012
Volume 79, Issue 6, 2012
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79 (2012)More Less
I've been to two meetings in quick succession in which gender representation on committees was discussed. In case you're wondering, at neither of the meetings was it suggested that there should be more men, gays, lesbians, bisexuals or transsexuals on the committees.
Why is there still such an emphasis on gender issues? Isn't it time that as women, we got over ourselves? Are we not capable of ensuring that we're in the right place at the right time?
Author Johann KrugerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79 (2012)More Less
What an honour it is for me to have been elected as President of the PSSA. To lead such a distinguished group of leaders in my profession makes me humble. I realise the magnitude of the position and the enormity of the task that awaits me. I have to follow in the steps of great leaders and people who I looked up to as visionaries. I realise that I have to live up to expectations. I know that I cannot do it alone, but I find comfort in the fact that I have a team of extremely capable people on whom to rely. This includes the newly elected executive committee. Each member is a leader in his or her own right, and any one of whom, at any given time, would be more than capable of standing in my position. I am sure that a number of them will definitely do so in years to come!
Author Natalie SchellackSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 14 –17 (2012)More Less
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is part of a group of infections termed the superficial fungal infections. These can be classified as complicated or uncomplicated, sporadic or recurrent. Some patients are difficult to diagnose, and may not respond to standard therapies. These patients suffer from recurrent or chronic VVC. Recurrent VVC is defined as more than four episodes of VVC within a 12-month period. Patients normally present with a white, cheesy discharge and vulvovaginal itching. Clinical findings (itching or a cheesy discharge) or laboratory tests (potassium hydroxide, Gram stains and vaginal pH) are not sensitive or specific predictors of Candida vaginitis. Treating recurrent VVC requires an aggressive treatment plan using two stages, namely an induction and a maintenance stage. A high incidence of recurrent VVC requires a thorough understanding of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of the condition. Treatment with azole antifungals and nystatin derivatives may provide relief if given for an adequate period of time.
Author Sumari DavisSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 18 –23 (2012)More Less
Most symptoms of influenza (flu) are caused by the response of the body to the influenza virus. Paracetamol, aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in treating sore throats, muscle aches and pains, headaches, earaches and fever associated with colds and flu. Paracetamol may be used in children and pregnant women, but can cause hepatotoxicity at higher doses, and should be avoided or used with caution in patients with liver disease. Aspirin should not be used to treat children with a viral infection because of the risk of Reye's syndrome. Both aspirin and NSAIDs may cause gastrointestinal irritation, and should be used with caution in patients who are also taking anticoagulants. Breathing problems, severe nausea and vomiting and persistent or worsening fever are some of the symptoms associated with colds and flu that indicate the need for emergency care.
Author Salome AbbottSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 24 –26 (2012)More Less
Asthma is one of the most common childhood illnesses with which patients will present to general practitioners. Despite this, the associated mortality and morbidity remain high, particularly in South Africa. This is largely due to the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges that are associated with asthma in childhood. This results in under-diagnosis of asthma and poor control of known patients who are on treatment. Creating awareness among patients and health practitioners, as well as including the allied healthcare providers in the management of childhood asthma, can help improve the diagnosis and care of patients with asthma. Specifically, community pharmacists can play a major role in improving the outcomes of patients with asthma.
Author Mojakgomo MotswalediSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 27 –28 (2012)More Less
Atopic eczema is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disease of the skin. It is characterised by dry, itchy skin and a typical distribution on the elbows and knees in younger children, and the cubital and popliteal fossae in older children and adults. Treatment modalities include topical corticosteroids, emollients, calcineurin inhibitors, phototherapy and immunosuppressive therapy. This article provides a brief overview of topical treatments for atopic eczema.
Author Jacky Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 30 –33 (2012)More Less
When patients present in the pharmacy with coughs, usually they are caused by a viral upper respiratory tract infection, such as the common cold. Such coughs are self-limiting and improve within a few days with or without treatment. Nonetheless, an acute cough can interfere with patients' daily activities and disrupt their sleep. Pharmacists are often asked to recommend a suitable product to relieve the cough. While the evidence to support that cough medicines are effective is not strong, many patients report that they find them useful. This article provides a brief review on the components and appropriate selection of over-the-counter cough remedies for adults and children with acute coughs that are caused by a viral upper respiratory tract infection. The article takes into account recent concerns about the safety of cough remedies in children.
Author Haley SmithSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 34 –36 (2012)More Less
In today's culture, many people have become obsessed with losing weight. Although it is human nature for a person to want to look different or improve certain physical features, an eating disorder may occur when a preoccupation with being thin consumes a person's eating habits, thoughts and life. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are examples of eating disorders. They are multidimensional illnesses that involve complex and challenging psychological issues, and can have life-threatening medical consequences. Binge eating is another eating disorder that has serious health consequences. The assessment and care of patients with eating disorders is extremely difficult. However, with treatment, support from others and smart self-help strategies, eating disorders can be overcome. This short review article discusses the most frequently encountered eating disorders.
Author Sarel MalanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 39 –40 (2012)More Less
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 79, pp 41 –42 (2012)More Less
Arrangements are well underway for the 2013 South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists (SAAHIP) Conference, which will take place from 14-17 March 2013. The conference will be hosted by the Northern Gauteng Branch and will be held at the spectacular Champagne Sports Resort in the Drakensberg. This is the perfect place for work and social events!