oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Allergic rhinitis : a review

Volume 79, Issue 8
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



Allergic rhinitis is a common condition that occurs due to an inflammatory response that involves the release of histamine, which is initiated by allergens that are deposited on the nasal mucosa. Allergens that are responsible for seasonal allergic rhinitis include grass pollens, tree pollens and fungal mould spores. Perennial allergic rhinitis occurs when symptoms are present all year round and is commonly caused by house dust mites, animal dander and feathers. The symptoms of allergic rhinitis can be extremely irritating and affect the patient's quality of life. Management of allergic rhinitis includes identifying and avoiding the allergen where possible, and treatment to relieve the unpleasant symptoms.

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