SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 80, Issue 10, 2013
Volume 80, Issue 10, 2013
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80 (2013)More Less
I loved what Stéphan Möller says in his editorial this month, that words and behaviour can be weapons of influence. This is reinforced by what Johann Kruger says in his column, that people may not remember exactly what you said or did for them, but they will remember how you made them feel.
Author Johann KrugerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80 (2013)More Less
It is that time yet again that we reflect on the year that has sped past, and also when we are reminded that we need to be kind to our fellow men and women. As pharmacists, we need to remind ourselves that our profession is unlike any other job. There is an altruistic component attached to all of the tasks that we perform. This is the part that, irrespective of the commercial transaction taking place, makes a positive step towards improving that person's quality of life.
Author Lynn LambertSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 10 –14 (2013)More Less
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue. Currently, sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region. Nearly one in every 20 adults is infected. Global statistics report that HIV has claimed more than 25-million lives over the past three decades. The use of antiretroviral therapy has shown significant reductions in the rates of death and suffering. However, because of factors including the rapid replication rate of the virus, patient factors and drug limitations, suppressing the virus with optimal drug treatment remains a challenge.
Author Haley SmithSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 16 –18 (2013)More Less
Menorrhagia is a common gynaecological disorder which involves abnormal, prolonged or heavy bleeding from the uterus. The World Health Organization has reported that 18-million women aged between 30 and 55 years perceive their menstrual bleeding to be excessive. However, reports have shown that only 10% of these women experience blood loss which is severe enough to be clinically defined as suffering from menorrhagia. Heavy or prolonged uterine bleeding may result in medical conditions such as anaemia, interfere with daily activities, and raise concerns about uterine cancer. Most women who are diagnosed with menorrhagia require medical attention, but can be managed on an outpatient basis. Occasionally, uterine bleeding may be severe enough to necessitate immediate medical evaluation and treatment.
Author Gail MkeleSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 20 –22 (2013)More Less
Metformin is considered to be the initial drug of choice for type 2 diabetes mellitus, particularly in overweight patients. This is based on its effectiveness in achieving glycaemic control, its favourable effects on weight, its low risk of causing hypoglycaemia and its reasonable cost. More importantly, metformin has also been consistently shown to have a favourable effect on cardiovascular risk factors, and to improve cardiovascular outcomes. It can be combined with other oral hypoglycaemic agents, as well as insulin, allowing for a beneficial additive effect.
This article provides a brief overview on the use of metformin, as recommended by the Society for Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa (SEMDSA), in its 2012 guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes.
Author N. SchellackSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 24 –28 (2013)More Less
Erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence mainly affects men who are older than 40 years of age, and is mostly defined as the inability to obtain or maintain a penile erection sufficient enough for sexual intercourse. ED is a multifaceted condition that may involve any one or more of several different organic causes. Conversely, it may also be psychogenic in nature. This article provides an overview of the current classification, risk factors, diagnosis and management of ED.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 29 –33 (2013)More Less
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous units. It is the most common diagnosis in dermatology and regularly affects adolescents and young adults. Acne can be mild, moderate or severe. Treatment includes topical keratolytics, topical retinoids, antibiotics, hormonal therapy and systemic retinoids in severe cases.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 37 –40 (2013)More Less
The 2013 Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences Conference and AGM was unique. The Academy hosted a joint conference with community pharmacists (the Independent Community Pharmacy Association) and industry pharmacists [the South African Association of Pharmacists in Industry (SAAPI)] under the banner "3's Company Pharmacy Conference 2013" for the first time in its history.
Author Stephan MollerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80 (2013)More Less
Pharmacists cannot effectively function in isolation of other healthcare professionals in the healthcare arena. Medicine has become a team sport and pharmacists find themselves increasingly in defensive positions due to the functions we perform. We are the final safety net for prescribing health professionals. In this peculiar position however, pharmacists are oftentimes experienced as adversaries instead of teammates. Pharmacists also suffer the scorn of patients when we attempt to protect them against themselves. Along these lines, I have decided to share with you a few powerful communication tools that will make your attempts at persuading fellow healthcare professionals to follow your recommendations, a bit more effective and less confrontational. As long as you remind yourself that your recommendations are ethically founded and your actions are for the good of the patient and not purely manipulative, you will be successful in persuasion. The moment however you ignore these kind words of advice, you will invariably find yourself ridiculed and in a much less desirable position.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 45 –47 (2013)More Less
Medicine shortages are a fact of everyday life, not only in South Africa but globally. Internationally, minimising and managing stock-outs has become a priority. Management of financial and human resources becomes a challenge when measures to deal with the shortages and their consequences are put in place.
In June 2013, the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), together with the Canadian Pharmacists Association, hosted a summit to identify the causes and impact of medicine shortages, and to explore ways of dealing with them. Participants included governments, healthcare practitioners, the pharmaceutical industry and patients.
Author Mariet EksteenSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80, pp 48 –49 (2013)More Less
The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) is a global federation of national associations of pharmacists and pharmaceutical scientists. The FIP's mission is to improve global health by advancing pharmacy practice and science to enable better discovery, development, access to and safe use of cost-effective, quality medicines worldwide. The FIP consists of two boards: the Board of Pharmaceutical Sciences (BPS), which represents pharmaceutical scientists; and the Board of Pharmacy Practice (BPP), which acts for pharmacists.
Author Billy FutterSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 80 (2013)More Less
Time is a very precious resource. So, how well do you manage your time? Are you an action person (a doer) or do you spend too much time talking (a politician)? Yes, we need politicians. It is through their discussions that the importance and urgency of an issue is established. This provides the launch pad for action. The next stage is just as important. Tailored systems and sufficient resources must be in place to ensure effective and efficient outcomes that meet expectations. This requires a combination of politicians (to allocate resources) and performers (who deliver).