oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Getting rid of that pain in the back! : review

Volume 81, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



Lower back pain occurs in up to 84% of adults worldwide at some point in their lives. Recurrence rates are high, and back pain often remains a chronic condition, with mild symptoms and acute exacerbations occurring from time to time. Paracetamol or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory is first-line treatment for non-specific lower back pain. Once symptoms have improved, recurrence may be prevented by staying active and strengthening the supporting muscles through appropriate exercise. Maintaining proper posture is important in preventing back pain, especially when lifting or moving heavy objects, or prolonged periods of standing or sitting is a component of working conditions. Although only a small percentage of patients may experience back pain due to serious systemic pathology, it is important to identify and refer these patients as soon as possible as some of these conditions constitute a medical emergency.

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