SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 81, Issue 7, 2014
Volume 81, Issue 7, 2014
Author Johann KrugerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81 (2014)More Less
We often read articles, listen to lectures, discuss practice problems with our colleagues, and then have difficulty implementing these wonderful inspiring ideas in our own lives and practices. Whether it is a business model, methods of teaching or handling staff issues, it remains a challenge to convert what we have learnt into a model that will work for us! So we decide to be pragmatic about it and see how we can adapt those ideas to suit our needs; but what exactly is pragmatism?
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 9 –12 (2014)More Less
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in South Africa. Approximately 20-30% of patients with epilepsy have physically, socially and medically disabling seizure disorders. Such patients are at an increased risk of cognitive disorders, depression, physical trauma and sudden death. The management of epilepsy focuses on controlling seizures, avoiding treatment-related side-effects and maintaining or restoring quality of life. Two thirds of people with active epilepsy control their epilepsy satisfactorily with antiepileptic drugs. Other treatment approaches include surgery, if treatment with antiepileptic drugs is ineffective. Optimal management improves health-related outcomes and may also help to minimise other, often detrimental, impacts on social, educational and employment activity.
Author Lynn LambertSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 14 –17 (2014)More Less
Contraception is an important topic for women, men and healthcare professionals. Several methods of contraception are available. It is important for the pharmacist to have a solid understanding of the subject in order to give appropriate advice. When used correctly, modern contraceptives are highly effective in preventing pregnancy. Most women can safely use hormonal contraceptives. This article focuses on the use of hormonal contraception in women who may not necessarily be young or healthy, provides answers to practical questions that are not frequently asked, and addresses a few common misperceptions about hormonal contraception.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 18 –21 (2014)More Less
Diuretics are among the most commonly prescribed medications. They inhibit electrolyte reabsorption from the lumen of the nephron, increasing osmolarity and enhancing water and electrolyte excretion. It is important to note that there is a delicate balance between dietary sodium intake and sodium loss. If the balance is compromised and there is a greater intake of sodium into the body, but not enough sodium removal, complications of fluid overload occur, such as oedema, pulmonary oedema or high blood pressure. When there is greater removal of sodium, but not enough sodium intake, complications of fluid depletion take place, such as renal failure or reduced output of blood from the heart. The ability to induce a negative fluid balance has made diuretics useful in the treatment of a variety of conditions, particularly in hypertension and oedematous states.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 22 –23 (2014)More Less
Pharmacy has evolved over several centuries from the traditional role of dispensing and compounding a physician's order, to include modern day services, such as patient care. The underlying philosophy of clinical pharmacy is pharmaceutical care. This is a patient-centred approach which addresses all possible pharmaceutical interventions in the context of a fully integrated multidisciplinary plan of care. The most effective pharmaceutical care is achieved when pharmacists become part of the clinical team caring for patients. Clinical pharmacists are not currently part of ward staff in South Africa, as seen in the USA or the UK. This may be because of human resources and an inadequate number of trained clinical pharmacists. This has an impact on the effectiveness of the pharmacist, as he or she should be based in the wards so as to become an effective member of the healthcare team. A high-impact unit that would benefit greatly from pharmaceutical care is the neonatal intensive care unit, which has been shown to be highly vulnerable to medication errors, and in which a clinical pharmacist could play a role in decreasing medication errors.
Author Gary BlackSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 24 –25 (2014)More Less
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 26 –27 (2014)More Less
Onbrez Breezhaler® capsules are indicated as maintenance bronchodilator treatment for airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).1 Each capsule of Onbrez Breezhaler® for inhalation contains the indacaterol maleate equivalent of 150 µg indacaterol and 24.8 mg lactose.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 28 –29 (2014)More Less
"Are we identifying, measuring and managing risk optimally in our organisations? This conference will highlight proactive risk detection, broad risk awareness and much more."
This was the message sent out with the notice of the 2014 SAAPI Conference. Attendance at the conference should have been compulsory for everyone working with any aspect of pharmacy. The programme looked like a list of who's who in pharmacy, and the topics discussed were of critical importance. Some of the areas were specific only to the industry, but many were relevant and interesting to other sectors of pharmacy.
Call for abstracts: the South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists 29th Annual Conference and 58th AGM 2014 : forumSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81, pp 31 –32 (2014)More Less
Arrangements are well underway for the 2015 South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists (SAAHIP) Conference, which will take place from 12-15 March, 2015. The conference will be hosted jointly by the KwaZulu-Natal Inland and Coastal Branches, and will again be held at the spectacular Champagne Sports Resort in the Drakensberg.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 81 (2014)More Less