oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Adult antiretroviral therapy at a glance : review

Volume 81, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



Dealing with the challenges of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) continues to be a major global and regional health priority. According to estimates by the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 35.3-million people were living with HIV at the end of 2012. That same year, 2.3-million people became newly infected, and 1.6 million died of AIDS-related causes. South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV and AIDS in the world, with approximately 5.4-million affected individuals. It is important to get tested for HIV regularly, and to recognise the symptoms of HIV as soon as possible since early diagnosis and treatment may help to prevent serious illness. Early treatment also reduces the chances of transmitting the virus to others.

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