SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 82, Issue 3, 2015
Volume 82, Issue 3, 2015
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82 (2015)More Less
Peace of mind
Yes. You read this correctly. I'm giving you a piece of my mind about peace of mind, but first let me share the opposite. I asked the authority (Mr Google) and was totally confused by one of the hits, which said that there is no opposite to peace of mind. One reference defined peace of mind as the absence of mental stress or anxiety, and my logic says that the opposite would be the presence of mental stress or anxiety, which about sums it up. Luckily my guru (Roget's 21st century Thesaurus) says that there are indeed antonyms - misery, pain, gloom, dissatisfaction and unhappiness being but a few. And we know those feelings, don't we? Especially when it comes to professional liability.
Etiam capillus unus habet umbram
"Even one hair has a shadow" - Publilius Syrus : president's messageAuthor Johann KrugerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82 (2015)More Less
Why did we become pharmacists? If one listens to the gripes and moans of our colleagues, I sometimes really wonder what made them become pharmacists in the first place. In an article I found on the internet, some of the questions asked on why to choose pharmacy as a career were:
- Am I a good listener?
- Am I interested in helping people?
- Do I have a strong interest in maths and science?
- Do I care about working in a field that pays top salaries?
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82 (2015)More Less
Young Pharmacists' Group (YPG) Mission
Mission of YPG is to promote the goals of PSSA by encouraging the young members of the Society to participate in PSSA projects and activities. In so doing, YPG aims to develop individuals who can act as agents of positive change at local, national and international levels, both in the profession and in society.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 8 –18 (2015)More Less
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) include the nonselective or traditional NSAIDs, as well as the cyclo-oxygenase-2-specific ones. These agents are most often used to manage pain associated with musculoskeletal conditions. The nonselective or traditional agents are still widely used, and are also freely available as over-the-counter analgesics. However, they carry the risk of serious cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and renal adverse effects, such as peptic ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding, especially in patients who have a pre-existing high-risk profile. It is imperative that physicians are aware of these risk factors and choose agents that will provide the best benefit-to-risk profile, while taking into consideration the patientâ??s individual needs and risk profile.
Author Haley Van WykSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 20 –23 (2015)More Less
Antibiotic-resistant infections that are difficult to treat are becoming increasingly common and are causing a global health crisis. The number of bacteria resistant to antibiotics has increased in the last decade. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can quickly spread, threatening the community with a new strain of infectious disease that is more difficult to cure and more expensive to treat. The evolution of resistant strains is a natural phenomenon which occurs when microorganisms replicate erroneously, or when resistant traits are exchanged between them. The use and misuse of antimicrobial drugs accelerates the emergence of drug-resistant strains. Poor infection control practices, inadequate sanitary conditions and inappropriate food handling further encourage the spread ofantibiotic-resistant infections.
Author Stephani SchmidtSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 24 –27 (2015)More Less
Gradual ascent is the most reliable and safest method of preventing or ameliorating high altitude illness (HAI). Allowing enough time for the human body to adjust to moderate hypoxia, a process called acclimatisation, prevents altitude illness, improves sleep, and increases comfort and well-being. An increase in ventilation is the most important factor in acute acclimatisation. Vigorous exertion at high altitudes, the use of alcohol and sedative hypnotics should be avoided during acclimatisation. In general, prophylactic medications should be reserved for high- to moderate-risk situations. Early recognition of the symptoms and treatment is critical, particularly with regard to high altitude pulmonary oedema and high altitude cerebral oedema. Anyone with HAI symptoms should not continue to ascend, and descent is mandatory if the symptoms do not improve.
Author Sonal PatelSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 28 –31 (2015)More Less
Psoriasis is a chronic, relapsing, immune-mediated disease that can have a profound negative impact on patients' quality of life. Five different types of psoriasis have been characterised according to their clinical features. A working group sanctioned by the Dermatology Society of South Africa engaged in discussions which resulted in the development of guidelines for the diagnosis and management of psoriasis in the South African context. Healthcare professionals can use these recommended guidelines to promote a strategic evidence-based approach when treating patients with psoriasis to ensure optimal treatment outcomes. Topical agents are the mainstay of treatment in mild psoriasis, and phototherapy and systemic agents should be considered if the treatment is ineffective or the severity of the psoriasis heightened.
Pharmacists' perceptions of occupational specific dispensation (OSD) : exploratory study of career and human resource perspectives : cum laudeSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 35 –37 (2015)More Less
In South Africa, there is no exception to the current worldwide trend of health staff shortages (WHO, 2006). This human resources crisis has particularly impacted the number of pharmacists employed in the public sector (Hawthorn & Anderson, 2009). In 2009, HEARD reported that public sector pharmacists will serve 12 to 30 times more people than private sector pharmacists in South Africa (George, Quinian, & Reardon, 2009). Although these figures would have improved since 2009, it is apparent that there is still a maldistribution of pharmacists between the health sectors. Many strategies have been planned and implemented by the South African government to alleviate the strain including a remuneration structure and reward strategy known as occupational specific dispensation (OSD). The structure was developed specifically for professional categories of public employees and was introduced in 2007 to "attract and retain skilled employees" (DPSA, 2007).
Author Kobus Le RouxSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82 (2015)More Less
My three years as President of the Community Pharmacist Sector of the PSSA (CPS) have flown past and I was really privileged to work with many leaders in their own right. It was a great learning experience and in the process I have met fantastic people and acquired great friends locally and abroad.