SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 82, Issue 4, 2015
Volume 82, Issue 4, 2015
Author Lorraine OsmanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 4 –5 (2015)More Less
If it sounds like déjà vu, it's because it is! I've said it before, and I have no doubt that I'll say it again. I'm always fascinated when our leaders who write for the SAPJ independently submit articles, for the same month, that deal with the same urgent issue that faces pharmacy.
The pharmacist as a leader? Burden or blessing??? non ducor, duco I am not led; I lead : president's messageAuthor Johann KrugerSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82 (2015)More Less
Author Lisa SelwoodSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 9 –12 (2015)More Less
Depression is a common mental disorder in the general population and confers a significant burden on the individual and his or her family. Although it is a condition that is viewed as highly treatable, with numerous available treatment options, many of the agents used, may, in themselves, impose a burden in terms of associated adverse effects. Antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction is a complaint which, although it occurs with relative frequency, is often not discussed owing to the sensitive nature of the topic. It is imperative to address this issue with patients in order to ensure optimal treatment response, compliance and adherence to medication.
Author Jacky Van SchoorSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 14 –18 (2015)More Less
Opioid dependence is increasing globally and in South Africa. It is characterised by physical dependence on opioids, e.g. tolerance and withdrawal, and loss of control over opioid use. In addition to the use of illicit opioids, such as heroin, there is escalating abuse of prescription and over-the-counter opioids, such as codeine. It is now widely accepted that opioid dependence is a chronic condition, and that many patients follow a relapsing and remitting pattern. Opioid dependence is treatable, and long-term comprehensive care leads to the best outcome. An understanding of the neurobiology of the disease and the important role of maintenance pharmacotherapy is required for treatment. This article discusses opioid dependence and suggests a role for the community pharmacist in managing this complex disorder.
Author Haley van WykSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 19 –22 (2015)More Less
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of mortality, responsible for nearly six million deaths worldwide. The three major causes of smoking-related mortality are atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer. Smokers also benefit from quitting smoking even after the development of smoking-related diseases, such as coronary heart disease or COPD. Screening all patients for tobacco use and providing smokers with behavioural counselling and pharmacotherapy to stop smoking are among the most valuable preventive services that can be offered in health care.
Author Stephani SchmidtSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 23 –27 (2015)More Less
Influenza is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract caused by influenza viruses. Even though influenza can be acutely debilitating, it is a self-limiting illness in the general population. The number of influenza-related deaths varies considerably each year, and is influenced by the influenza virus and patients' age. Although the overall rate of illness is highest in children, rates of severe illness, including influenza-related complications and death, are usually highest in persons aged 65 years and older, children ≤ 2 years, women who are pregnant or postpartum (within two weeks of delivery), and in individuals of any age with an underlying medical condition.
Author Natalie SchellackSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 28 –32 (2015)More Less
Vitamins are either fat- or water-soluble micronutrients that are derived from a healthy, well-balanced diet. The B-complex vitamins are well-known examples of water-soluble nutrients that are readily absorbed from a healthy gut, and easily eliminated via renal excretion. They are required for their vital physiological functions and are significant contributors to the maintenance of optimal health. Multiple B-vitamin deficiencies are quite common. Therefore, a balanced diet, including a full spectrum of B vitamins, is usually needed when any of them are found to be deficient. Conversely, their therapeutic value is limited to supplementation during states of deficiency since they have no additional benefits in the presence of an adequate dietary intake. In general, their active supplementation should only be used to correct deficiencies. This article provides an overview of B-complex vitamin deficiencies and their supplementation.
Vortioxetine : more than just another selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor : drug info - new product focusAuthor Sumari DavisSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 34 –36 (2015)More Less
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a disabling disease with a high risk of relapse and chronicity. Despite treatment, only 30% of patients with MDD achieve full remission. Vortioxetine is a new multimodal antidepressant. It is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, but in addition, also has direct effects on several subtypes of serotonin receptors. It has been shown to be as effective as venlafaxine, and more effective than agomelatine in improving the symptoms of MDD. In addition, vortioxetine has been shown to improve cognitive function. It may also improve sexual dysfunction in patients who have experienced antidepressant-related sexual dysfunction with other antidepressants. Vortioxetine is generally well tolerated. The most common adverse events are mild to moderate nausea, and headaches that are usually transient in nature.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82 (2015)More Less
The Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa (APSSA) together with the South African Association of Pharmacists in Industry (SAAPI) take pleasure in informing you of the joint APSSA/SAAPI Conference.
Theme: 'Today's Solutions for Tomorrow's Needs'
Sponsorhip/Exhibitor Opportunities Available - contact Karina Nel for more information
Pharmaceutical Public Health Short Courses at the University of Western Cape,South Africa Winter School 2015
Author Gareth KilianSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 38 –39 (2015)More Less
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 40 –42 (2015)More Less
The issue of producing, nurturing and effectively utilising leaders in pharmacy was addressed in a workshop during the 2015 SAAHIP Conference held at the Champagne Sports Resort in March 2015. The objectives set for the workshop were to:
- reflect on the culture of leadership within the pharmaceutical sector;
- reflect on efforts made to build a pipeline of leaders for the sector;
- identify the role played by partnerships in the pharmaceutical sector to develop future leaders; and
- identify challenges and how they can be addressed.
Author Jan Du ToitSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 82, pp 43 –44 (2015)More Less
One of the conditions under which a pharmacy (all categories of pharmacies) must be conducted is the continuous personal supervision of a pharmacist called the Responsible Pharmacist ("the RP"). To ensure that such pharmacist can be clearly identified and assume additional legal duties and responsibilities, a further requirement is that the RP must be registered as such with the South African Pharmacy Council (SAPC) and sign a declaration that he/she is fully aware of any additional duties and responsibilities and, most importantly, accepts appointment (liability) for such additional duties and responsibilities.