SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Volume 83, Issue 1, 2016
Volume 83, Issue 1, 2016
Engaging pharmacy personnel in antimicrobial stewardship using a novel method of teaching : original researchSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Background: Pharmacists need to become antimicrobial stewards to ensure the responsible use of antibiotics. Advanced training in infectious diseases is not offered in South Africa's pharmacy education system. The purpose of this study was to develop an antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) educational tool to engage pharmacists in AMS and improve their infectious disease knowledge. The primary outcome was the identification of a change in infectious disease knowledge.
Method: This was a single-centre study. One pharmacist participated in a "train the trainer" AMS programme with infectious diseases pharmacists in the USA. An AMS comic book was developed to teach basic infectious disease principles to non-infectious disease pharmacists, interns and support staff. The book covered relevant topics, such as why AMS is important, the classification of organisms, organism-antibiotic matching, the antibiotic spectrum and clinical tips. Ten pharmacy personnel, i.e. five pharmacists, two pharmacist interns and three post-basic pharmacist's assistants, participated. Learning outcomes were measured using pre- and post testing. Study participants took the pre-test, attended a workshop where the AMS comic book was used to aid instruction, and completed a post test and survey. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test.
Results: Infectious disease knowledge significantly improved based on pre- and post-test scores (66% vs. 96%) (p-value < 0.05).It was shown in a survey that probed satisfaction levels that 100% of the participants responded favourably to this method of learning.
Conclusion: The AMS comic book proved to be an effective educational tool for non-infectious disease pharmacists, pharmacist interns and pharmacist's assistants in learning AMS principles. Novel educational methods should be explored to engage pharmacists in this important role.
Author Sarel MalanSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
No, I'm not 'just tired and bored with myself' but I know we can't 'go to bed feeling the same way'. I have also learned that 'you can't start a fire without a spark'. Changes are necessary - in the world, our country and in our profession - or we will continue to 'dance in the dark'.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 6 –7 (2016)More Less
PSSA Border and Eastern Districts Branch - Regional Conference 2015
Tobacco-free communities - helping patients to keep their new year's resolutions
The Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa 71st Annual General Meeting
Die Aptekersvereniging van Suid-Afrika 71ste Algemene Jaarvergadering
Thanks and acknowledgements
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 9 –12 (2016)More Less
Proton pump inhibitors (PPI's) are a class of drugs that profoundly suppress gastric acid secretion and have thus become the treatment of choice for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and peptic ulcer disease (PUD). PPI's are considered safe and effective. It is essential that clinicians understand the appropriate use of PPI's given the significant economic burden of inappropriate prescribing and safety concerns. Long term safety concerns and possible drug interactions have led to a more conservative approach to PPI use. Some of these concerns may have been overstated but it does serve to highlight the need for ongoing vigilance as even a small increased risk for an adverse event may translate to large numbers considering the widespread use of PPI's.This review will focus on the use of oral PPI's in the ambulatory setting and recent concerns regarding adverse effects of PPI's.
Author Kim OuthoffSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 14 –16 (2016)More Less
Intermittent or acute insomnia is common, and may sometimes require short-term treatment with an approved hypnotic agent. A diagnosis of insomnia disorder, however, indicates that night-time sleep is of poor quality and chronic, and accompanied by significant impairment of daytime functioning. Although insomnia disorder often co-exists with psychiatric and medical conditions, it is viewed as an independent entity with potentially serious sequelae, requiring its own treatment, usually in the form of cognitive behavioural therapy, with or without pharmacotherapy.
Source: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 17 –21 (2016)More Less
Adverse drug events (ADEs) have been found to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in healthcare systems around the world. More than 50% of ADEs are preventable, and have been demonstrated to be the result of an incomplete medication history, prescribing or dispensing error, and the over- or underuse of prescribed pharmacotherapy. The main aim of implementing medication reconciliation in a hospital setting is to avoid ADEs, a prevalent patient safety issue. Medication reconciliation is the process of creating the most accurate list possible of all medications a patient is taking, including drug name, dosage, frequency and route, and then comparing that list against the admission, transfer, and/or discharge orders. Medication reconciliation is one of World Health Organization's High 5s initiative to improve patient safety. The implementation of the International Standard Operating Procedure for Medication Reconciliation led to a 50% reduction in medication discrepancies in developed countries. Implementing the medication reconciliation in the hospitals of South Africa may reduce medication errors.
Author Lisa SelwoodSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 22 –24 (2016)More Less
Author Andre MaraisSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 30 –32 (2016)More Less
Hypercholesterolaemia is a chronic disease that affects up to 53% of the global population. Lifestyle modification and early diagnosis plays an important role in the management of this condition. Various cholesterol screening tests are available, and it is generally accepted that a fasting finger-prick cholesterol test administered by the local pharmacist or primary healthcare provider should not exceed a value of 4.9 mmol/l. However, these screening tests measure the amount of total cholesterol (TC), and rarely differentiate between the individual lipoprotein components. Target values for the different cholesterol components have been well established.
Boniva®: once-monthly oral treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis : drug info - new product focusSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 33 –34 (2016)More Less
Author Joggie HattinghSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
Colleagues and friends: 2015 has been an eventful year with a lot of opportunities coming our way.
SAAHIP Conference 2015 was once again a huge success, both in terms of academic programme and social programme, creating learning and networking opportunities for all who were fortunate enough to attend.
Surfactant directed synthesis and self-assembly of geometric cytotoxic copper nanocrystals : cum laudeSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 38 –40 (2016)More Less
The versatility of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) facilitates its biomedical applications as a cytotoxic agent via oxidative stress, exerts antibacterial activity, functions as an in vivo agent for imaging as well as for advanced drug delivery applications. In the last decade, researchers have proven that by manipulating the physicochemical, physicomechanical and morphological properties of CuNPs its application expands. In particular, the geometrical shape of CuNPs has gained much interest. By further controlling the shape of CuNPs, cellular internalisation can be dictated thereby enhancing copper delivery into target cells. The self-assembly control process is able to maintain the nanoshape within the colloidal dispersion by minimal chemical, physical or mechanical modification during synthesis, however, despite advances it is still highly complex to optimise the shape of CuNPs. This study focused on the novel synthesis of CuNPs of four different geometries by manipulating surfactant concentrations with homogeneity throughout each colloidal solution.
SAACP vision : 2020
Shaping the future of community pharmacistsin South Africa : pharmaceutical practitionerAuthor Jan Du ToitSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 41 –42 (2016)More Less
The South African Association of Community Pharmacists (SAACP) embarked on a strategic review exercise towards the second half of 2014. One of the first priorities was to change the name of the Association from the Community Pharmacist Sector to its current name, as a 'means to an end'. This was successfully done during the Association's Annual General Meeting held in May 2015.
National Department of Health launches mobile application for the StandardTreatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List for Primary Health Care level : newsSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 43 –44 (2016)More Less
The National Department of Health (NDoH) officially launched the mobile application of the Standard Treatment Guidelines (STGs) and Essential Medicines List (EML) for Primary Health Care Level in Pretoria on 25 November 2015. The mobile application was funded by the Department of Science and Technology, and developed by The Open Medicine Project, an organisation aimed at improving information access in healthcare by leveraging innovative mobile technology.
Author Susan BuekesSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83, pp 49 –51 (2016)More Less
From 10 to 13 March, 2016, the South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists will be holding its 30th Annual Conference and its 59th Annual General Meeting. The theme of the event is "Our Journey - Time to Refuel". Whether the journey commenced nearly sixty years ago with the first AGM or whether the journey commenced with the first Annual Conference thirty years ago, it may be appropriate to revisit the start or the halfway point, whichever the case maybe, of the journey.
Author Sandra Van DykSource: SA Pharmaceutical Journal 83 (2016)More Less
I am not very good at communicating on social media and now that I have witnessed how it can ruin the lives of people who Tweet I think I would rather stay away from that. I however have become addicted to Pinterest. It is the most wonderful app on my phone and I can get information on just about anything. Recipes, fitness and health, fashion, make up, pictures of dogs, birds, and the best of all quotes. I can even send bunches of flowers via WhatsApp to my friends.