oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Dehydration due to infantile gastroenteritis: A study of different approaches to treatment

Volume 13, Issue 11
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



A study is presented of the effects of treatment on the mortality rate of 853 cases of severe dehydration due to gastroenteritis over a five-year period in Coronation Hospital, Johannesburg. One group (444 cases) received good routine investigation and treatment; the other (409 cases) received the best investigation and treatment possible in the circumstances. The mortality of the two groups was 35 per cent. and 10.3 per cent. respectively. It is estimated that the two types of treatment, if applied to all cases of gastroenteritis presenting with dehydration during the five-year period (2,407 cases) would have resulted in mortality rates differing by between 5.2 per cent. and 11.7 per cent.

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