oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Acute renal failure in central Africa: The toxic effects of traditional African medicine

Volume 15, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



The first 117 patients referred to the Salisbury artificial kidney unit are descriptionbed. The pattern of renal failure in Caucasian patients did not differ from that in the temperate zones. Among African patients the main causes of renal failure were: (1) Septic abortion and the toxic effects of traditional medicines. (2) Urinary schistosomiasis. (3) Blackwater fever. A syndrome of acute renal failure and haemorrhage due to thrombocytopaenia resulting from vegetable toxins is descriptionbed. Hypercatabolic renal failure commonly resulted from secondary infection. Effective antibiotic therapy together with early and repeated dialysis were essential in its control.

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