oa Central African Journal of Medicine - The beginning of the Kwashiorkor story in Africa

Volume 21, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



In 1952 Professor J. F. Brock and Dr. M. Autret reported to the World Health Organization that kwashiorkor ""is the most serious and widespread nutritional disorder known to medical and nutritional science"". But it was unknown to the textbooks: Manson-Bahr put it in the fourteenth edition of Manson's Tropical Diseases in 1954; Dr. Donald Hunter put it into the ninth edition of Price's Textbook of Medicine in 1956. I hope Dr. Cicely Williams was glad; she wrote the first comprehensive descriptionption of the ""Deficiency Disease in Infants"" in the Gold Coast Annual Report, 1931-32. She descriptionbed the fatty liver found at two post-mortems, and patients had improved after giving condensed milk. No name was given to the disease; that had to wait until 1935.

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