oa Central African Journal of Medicine - An improved and simpler system for drainage of the pleural cavity both in emergency and post-operative conditions

Volume 27, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



In 1873 Noble reporting in the British Medical Journal on the treatment of a case of pneumothorax descriptionbed the use of a rubber tube, attached to a chest cannula, which was inserted into water to demonstrate the escape of air from the chest. Kenyon, in 1911, applied the idea to establish underwater seal drainage of the pleural cavity for empyema via an intercostal tube. This was an important landmark in the history of surgical care of patients with pulmonary disease. This method has become the classic and almost universally accepted one used for the drainage of air or fluid from the pleural cavity.

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