oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Some clinical aspects of cerebral palsy among Nigerian Igbo children

Volume 27, Issue 8
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Over a period of 2 years 104 Nigerian Igbo children with cerebral palsy were studied at the University of Nigeria TeachingHospital (UNTH) Enugu. Seventy-three percent of the children were under 2 years old, and the male to female ratio was 2,4 : 1. Perinatal factors predominated in the aetiology, the most common being severe neonatal jaundice and birth trauma, or both. With regard to the form of cerebral palsy, the spastic variety was the most common (68%) being represented mainly by spastic tetraplegia and hemiplegia. The most common conditions and symptoms associated with cerebral palsy were mental retardation, speech impairment, convulsions, microcephaly and auditory impairment. A plea is made for immediate steps to improve the maternal and child care services in the area with emphasis on Health Education.

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