oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Infantile spasms in Enugu children

Volume 28, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Twenty-seven children with infantile spasms were seen over a three year period at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Enugu compared with 13 cases seen in Lagos over a six year period. There was a preponderance of male to female patients in the ratio of 2.4: 1. Birth trauma appeared to be the most important single cause of this syndrome, followed by congenital infections. In 26% the aetiology was not known. The flexor type of spasms was the most common presentation. Mental retardation occured in 96% of cases. Administrative, social and economic factors contributed to the irregularity of attendance and high default rate at the clinics. A plea is made for adequate governmental support for this group of handicapped children in all developing countries.

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