oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Epidemiology and clinical diagnosis of trichomonas vaginalis infection in Zimbabwe

Volume 29, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



The epidemiology and presenting clinical symptoms of trichomoniasis in 199 pregnant women and 156 non-pregnant STD patients were studied. T. vaginalis was isolated from 31 % of the pregnant women and 37% of STD patients. The incidence of infection in both groups was higher in women who were unmarried, had limited or no schooling and who came from households where neither spouse was employed. Amongst the STD patients, the highest incidence of infection was in women under 20 years of age, while amongst the pregnant women the highest incidence was found in the 30 40 year age group. Individual signs or symptoms were found to be unhelpful for clinical diagnosis of infection. A flow chart, based on presenting symptoms, was found to be useful for evaluating the likelihood of infection in pregnant women, though of less value for STD patients.

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