oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Pulmonary embolism in the Zimbabwe African

Volume 29, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



The purpose of this study was to see how frequently pulmonary embolism or infarction occured in patients admitted to Harare Hospital in 1980 and 1981. During the two years 112,946 patients were admitted. A clinical diagnosis of pulmonary embolism was entered in 33 patients. In 21 cases clinical diagnosis was supported by electrocardiograph (ECG) and chest X-ray changes. These patients were studied. There were 14 females and 7 males. The predisposing conditions were cardiac (8 cases), postoperative (6 cases), postpartum (2 cases), oral contraceptive (1 case) and miscellaneous (4 cases). During the same two-year period 611 medical interest autopsies were performed. In 12 cases there was evidence of either pulmonary embolus or infarction. The predisposing conditions were cardiac (2 cases), postoperative (2 cases), miscellaneous (6 cases). The remaining 2 cases are included in the clinical series. In 1975 and 1976, 24,931 white patients were admitted to the Parirenyatwa group of hospitals. Pulmonary emboli occurred in 68 patients. Pulmonary emboli occurred 10 tImes more commonly in white patients admitted to hospital.

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