oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Acute non-specific epididymitis in early infancy and review of the literature

Volume 31, Issue 12
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Acute scrotal swelling in children is a common surgical emergency. Most of the patients presenting this condition undergo surgical exploration since the major concern is usually torsion of the spermatic cord, its appendage, or incarcerated hernia. However, acute scrotal swelling may suggest other differential diagnoses such as viral or traumatic orchitis, idiopathic scrotal oedema, acute hydrocele, testicular tumour, or acute epididymitis. This last possibility has been regarded as rare when early infancy is considered, and information about its incidence, etiopathogenesis and clinical features is not readily available. This presentation reports four cases of acute non-specific epididymitis in children who were treated at Harare Central Hospital between December 1983 � January 1984.

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