oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Hypertension in Harare hospital out-patients: Drugs prescribed, drugs taken and control achieved

Volume 32, Issue 11
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Patient-retained records supplemented by patient interviews were used to evaluate hypertension management at Harare Hospital. One hundred and one successive hypertensive out-patients were studied. In over a third of patients diagnosis had been established during medical examination for an unrelated problem. Only one third of 435 recorded 'on treatment' diastolic blood pressures were less than 100 mm Hg, and one fifth were greater than 119 mm Hg. Thiazides, Methl-dopa and Reserpine were the most commonly prescribed antihypertensives. A step-wise approach to management was evident where two drugs were used, but the choice of a third or fourth drug showed great variation. Thirty percent of patients identified a daily regimen that was different from their recorded prescription. Identification of dosage lower than that prescribed correlated with poor control. Better practioner-patient interaction and stricter adherence to defined regimens are needed to improve blood pressure control. Patient-retained records can provide useful information for health service evaluation in developing countries.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error