oa Central African Journal of Medicine - A prospective study of hypertension in pregnancy at Harare maternity hospital

Volume 32, Issue 8
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Hypertension in pregnancy was found in six per cent of patients during a one-month study within the Greater Harare Obstetric Unit Pre-eclampsia was the most common type of hypertension present in 72 (33,6%) patients. The epidemiological characteristics of the patients with different forms of hypertension in pregnancy are presented. The perinatal mortality for hypertensive patients was 79,4/1 000 compared to 26,2/1000 in normotensive patients. Patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension had the lowest perinatal mortality at 18,2/1000. Proteinuric hypertension was associated with an increased perinatal mortality, the worst prognosis being in patients with chronic hypertension with superimposed pre-eclampsia. The percentage of patients with proteinuria increased as the maximal level of diastolic blood pressure increased. The findings are discussed with reference to the literature.

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