oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Prospective analysis of 620 bone marrow examinations in Zimbabwe: preliminary observations

Volume 35, Issue 6
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Of the 1 310 bone marrow examinations performed in a 16-month period in patients with diverse haematological, oncological and other disorders, 620 had sufficient data for analysis. The three commonest diseases in the combined (adults and children) group were: megaloblastic anaemia (25.2 percent); acute or chronic leukaemia (19.2 percent) and iron deficiency anaemia (10.5 percent). These three diseases respectively accounted for 32 percent, 17.5 percent and 10.8 percent of the cases in the adult (16 years and over) group; whereas in the paediatric (0-15 years) group, the top three diseases were: acute leukaemia (22 percent); Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins lymphomas (14.3 percent) and retinoblastoma (13.7 percent). These preliminary observations indicate some of the commonest haematological and oncological disorders where intense research might be beneficial to the community in Zimbabwe.

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