oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Oesophagectomy for carcinoma of the oesophagus early results

Volume 36, Issue 12
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Oesophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus was performed in 25 consecutive patients over a 3.5 years period, for an overall resection rate of 11 pc. It was an Ivor-Lewis in 19 and a left thoracotomy in six. The stage of the disease was II in two, III in six and IV in 17 cases. Seventeen patients had uneventful postoperative evolution. Complications occurred in eight patients: heart failure in three, anastomotic leak in three, massive chest wall infection in two and four of these patients died.: a mortality rate of 16 pc. All the 21 patients who left the hospital were able to take normal diet The mortality of oesophagectomy for cancer can be as high as 30 'pc but decreases with better selection of patients and surgical experience. Cure is rarely achieved. Resective surgery, when successful, offers the best palliation for dysphagia. Resectability rate in all African series is very low. There is a need for a more aggressive surgery therapeutic attitude. Our series shows that it is possible in our environment to achieve an acceptable operative morbidity and mortality. With increasing experience, results can only improve.

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