oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Neuro-psychiatric manifestations of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Volume 36, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has been spreading in Africa and other continents of the world. While there is a dearth of information on AIDS-related neuro-psychiatric disorders in the African population, data from Europe and America indicate that patients with AIDS experience a lot of psycho-social difficulties and suffer from a variety of psychiatric syndromes such as anxiety state, depression, manic illness and schizophreniform disorder. Neurological sequelae of AIDS include acute and sub-acute encephalitis, meningitis, myelopathy, chorioretinitis and peripheral neuropathy. These changes may occur from direct neuropathic effects of human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) or secondary to opportunistic infections and neoplasms involving the central nervous system. It is suggested that psychiatrists need to be fully involved at all levels of clinical care, education and research on AIDS. Attention should be focussed on the neuro-psychiatric consequences of AIDS in the African population to allow for cross-cultural comparison. In addition, the need to incorporate information and education programmes on AIDS into the primary health care programmes of developing countries is emphasised.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error