oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Problems of chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum in Nigeria: one antimalaria drugs' utilisation in metropolitan Calabar

Volume 37, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



We studied the antimalarial drugs utilisation pattern in urban Calabar, with a view to determining what drugs people take when they have malaria attack and who diagnoses and prescribes the drugs. The results show that there is an association between the level of education and the pattern of remedy sought by the respondents (p < 0,05). Self-medication was practised significantly more by those with formal education than by those without (p < 0.05). The trend of consulting patent medicine dealers for prescription decreased with acquisition of more formal education. Conversely, significantly more of the respondents with higher education consulted qualified medical doctors or paramedical staff (p < 0.05). Two aspects of drug abuse observed here, i.e. the utilisation of sub-curative doses of chloroquine and monotherapy are believed to be two of the factors that lead to the several chloroquine treatment failures which have been recently reported in Calabar, and other areas of Nigeria.

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