oa Central African Journal of Medicine - Behaviour patterns which may predispose to HIV infection or further transmission and possible intervention strategy in the City of Harare. Part II

Volume 39, Issue 11
  • ISSN : 0008-9176



The proportion of people with AIDS is increasing rapidly in Zimbabwe. Several strategies have been adopted to check the further spread of the disease. This paper discusses the behaviour patterns which may predispose to HIV infection and possible intervention strategies that may be taken in the City of Harare. Over a third (33,9 pc, n=1526) of the married respondents reported that they were living separately from their spouses. There was a high proportion (76.6 pc, n=564) of single respondents who admitted to engaging in premarital sex. Fifteen pc of total respondents were engaging in casual sex. The proportion of single respondents (31.2 pc) engaging in casual sex was higher than among the married (11,1 pc). More single respondents (10,9 pc) had been paid for sex than the married (4,1 pc) whilst the proportion that had been paid for sex was similar for the single (21,2 pc) and the married (22,9 pc). The median age for starting sex was 17 years (range = three to 26) for the single and 18 years (range = four to 35) for the married respondents. Sixteen pc stated that they had an STD in 1989. Condom usage was low with only 9,2 pc always using a condom. Forty eight pc of the married respondents who have engaged in casual sexual relationships never use condoms. The main source of information on AIDS/HIV was the radio (74 pc). Most parents (66 pc) had not talked about AIDS to their children.

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