oa Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa - IPM systems that conserve pesticides, pest-resistant plants and biological controls, including genetically altered forms

Volume 55, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0013-8789



More diversified, stable systems of integrated pest management based on use of pesticides, pest-resistant host plants and biological controls (including genetically altered forms) are needed to counter the evolution of highly resistant arthropod pests which attack crops, humans and other animals. To date, resistance has been more common to pesticides than resistant host plants or biological control agents, but examples from each group are well documented. These resistances are due to similar ecological genetic processes, but there are some differences among each pest control class.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error